St Helen's Priory, Derby
|Full name||The Priory of St Helen, Derby|
|Other names||Derby Augustinian Priory|
|Mother house||Darley Abbey (from 1154)|
|Dedicated to||St Helen|
|Controlled churches||St Peter's Church, Derby (until 1154)|
|Founder(s)||Towyne, a Burgess of Derby|
|Location||Derby, United Kingdom|
Priory and hospital
St Helen's Priory was founded in 1137 by a man named Towyne, who was a Burgess of Derby. The priory was constructed to the North-West of the town of Derby, just outside the town walls. Dedicated to St Helen, the priory is described as being "an oratory or small religious house".
The Priory was endowed by Hugh, Dean of Derby, with lands at "Little-Derley", and was given control of St Peter's Church, Derby. This land at "Little-Derley", around a mile from the priory, was used for the establishment of Darley Abbey, and, in 1154, many of the canons transferred from St Helen's to Darley; St Helen's thus becoming a cell to Darley Abbey.
The Hospital is thought to have ceased operating around 1350.
Later history and remains
The priory was located in the area currently known as St. Helen's Street, however, nothing remains of the priory buildings.
After the dissolution of Darley Abbey, the Abbey's land, including that of the previous St Helen's Priory, was surrendered to the crown.
In 1554 Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary), issued a Royal Charter granting several of Darley Abbey's properties and endowments to the Corporation of Derby for the establishment of: ""a Free Grammar School, for the instruction and education of boys and youths in the said town of Derby for ever to be maintained by the Bailiffs and Burgesses of the same town". This school was Derby School.
Around 1817 human remains, attributed to the priory and hospital, were found at the former priory site.
Also at this time, part of the site was occupied by a Marble Factory, owned by a "Mr Brown".
- William Page (ed.) (1907). 'Hospitals: St Helen & St James, Derby', A History of the County of Derby: Volume 2. pp. 83–84.
- Lysons, D. and S. (1817). Magna Britannia, a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain, by.
- English Heritage. "ST HELEN'S PRIORY, DERBY". PASTSCAPE. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "'Houses of Austin canons: The abbey of Darley', A History of the County of Derby: Volume 2". 1907. pp. 46–54. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Turbutt, Gladwyn (1999). A History of Derbyshire.