Structured What If Technique
Structured What If Technique (SWIFT) is a prospective hazards analysis method that uses structured brainstorming with guide words and prompts to identify risks, with the aim of being quicker than more intensive methods like Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA). It is used in various settings, including healthcare.
As with other methods, SWIFT may not be comprehensive and the approach has some limitations. In a healthcare context, SWIFT was found to reveal significant risks, but like similar methods (including healthcare failure mode and effects analysis) it may have limited validity when used in isolation.
- Card AJ, Ward JR, Clarkson PJ (2012). "Beyond FMEA: the structured what-if technique (SWIFT)". J Healthcare Risk Manage. 31: 23–29. doi:10.1002/jhrm.20101.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Crawley F, Tyler B: Hazard identification methods. Rugby, UK: Institute of Chemical Engineers; 2003
- Potts H.W.W.; Anderson J.E.; Colligan L.; Leach P.; Davis S.; Berman J. (2014). "Assessing the validity of prospective hazard analysis methods: A comparison of two techniques". BMC Health Services Research. 14 (1): 41. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-41. PMC 3906758. PMID 24467813.
- Ward JR, Clarkson PJ, Buckle P, Berman J, Lim R, Jun GT: "Prospective hazard analysis: tailoring prospective methods to a healthcare context. Final report, Patient Safety Research Portfolio (Research Project PS/035)." Cambridge, UK: Engineering Design Centre, University of Cambridge; 2010.