Pyongyang Sunan International Airport
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P'yŏngyang Sunan Kukche Pihaengchang
|Owner||North Korean government|
|Serves||Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Hub for||Air Koryo|
|Elevation AMSL||117 ft / 36 m|
|Pyongyang Sunan International Airport|
|Revised Romanization||Pyeongyang Sunan Gukje Bihaengjang|
|McCune–Reischauer||P'yŏngyang Sunan Kukche Pihaengchang|
Pyongyang Sunan International Airport (IATA: FNJ, ICAO: ZKPY) is the main airport serving Pyongyang, capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). It is located in the city's Sunan-guyŏk district, 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the city's centre. The airport is the main hub for the national flag carrier, Air Koryo.
The first airport in Pyongyang was located on the east bank of the Taedong River but soon after World War II, there was a need for a newer airport and the Sunan International Airport was constructed.
During the Korean War, British correspondent Reginald Thompson noted, the airport was very busy with the United Nations forces flying large numbers of supplies into it during the seven weeks they occupied it in late 1950. The airport was inundated by water after the US Air Force bombed the Toksan Dam on 13 May 1953 causing a major flood. Following the Korean War the airport was reconstructed.
Development since the 2000s
In 2000, Aeroflot discontinued its flights from Moscow and later discontinued its services from Khabarovsk. China Southern Airlines offered scheduled charter flights to and from Beijing during the peak season only, and permanently pulled its flights in November 2006. In April 2008, Air China re-established service to Beijing, three days a week. Korean Air, Jeju Air and Asiana Airlines also provided chartered flight services to Seoul, and Yangyang on the east coast of South Korea from Pyongyang. These flights were used by Korean family members visiting divided family across the border.
New terminal building
In July 2011, the new interim international terminal at Sunan Airport was completed. It caters to flights alongside the existing Terminal 1. The single story structure will serve as an interim whilst the new facility is being built at the location of the old terminal which was demolished. The new Terminal 2 was opened on 1 July 2015. The airport's Terminal 1 will be used for the country's few domestic routes. The new terminal which is a multi story complex is equipped with state of the art check-in and baggage handling facilities, 3 glass air bridges, multiple restaurants and stores. The new facility also includes a modern built control tower and a VIP terminal to the north of the international terminal. Some experts question the occupancy of the new terminal, because it is 6 times larger than the previous terminal, but mainly serves flights from Beijing and Moscow only.
The airport has two runways, 01/19 (northern) and 17/35 (southern). Ongoing terminal construction in the southern part is a possible reason for takeoffs and landings carried out primarily on runway 01/19, as of April 2013. The main runway (01/19) is equipped with ILS for precision approaches from both directions.
The new terminal can cater to three aircraft simultaneously via air bridges and 4 aircraft on stands. There are also 17 separate parking bays for additional aircraft. The airport also has a maintenance area that consists of two hangars. The airport's hours of operation are from 06:00 to 22:00 in the summer and 07:00 to 21:00 in the winter.
Airlines and destinations
|Air Koryo||Beijing-Capital, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Kuala Lumpur, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Vladivostok
Charter: Changchun, Shenzhen, Yanji, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Dalian, Harbin, Kuwait, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Singapore
|Air Koryo||Chongjin, Haeju, Hamhung, Kaesong, Kanggye, Kilju, Nampo, Samjiyon, Sinuiju, Wonsan||1|
|MIAT Mongolian Airlines||Charter: Ulaanbataar||2|
|Air Koryo||Beijing-Capital, Chongjin, Haeju, Hamhung, Kaesong, Kanggye, Kilju, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nampo, Samjiyon, Sinuiju, Shenyang, Vladivostok, Wonsan|
Taxi stand at arrival area connect to Pyongyang. The airport also offer bus services between Pyongyang and Sunan International Airport.
- "Kim Jong Un visits Sunan International Airport". YouTube.
- "In the North Korean & Pyongyang airport link of new terminal capital city re-service? : International News". web.archive.org. Retrieved 4 April 2014.[dead link]
- "With great fanfare, Pyongyang opens new airport terminal". AP. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
- "N. Korea opens new international airport terminal". July 2, 2015.
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