Pyongyang Sunan International Airport
평양 순안 국제공항
P'yŏngyang Sunan Kukche Pihaengchang
Terminal 2 airside
|IATA: FNJ – ICAO: ZKPY
– WMO: 47058
|Owner||North Korean government|
|Serves||Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Hub for||Air Koryo|
|Elevation AMSL||117 ft / 36 m|
|Pyongyang Sunan International Airport|
|Revised Romanization||Pyeongyang Sunan Gukje Bihaengjang|
|McCune–Reischauer||P'yŏngyang Sunan Kukche Pihaengchang|
Pyongyang Sunan International Airport (IATA: FNJ, ICAO: ZKPY) is the main airport serving Pyongyang, capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). It is located in the city's Sunan-guyŏk district, 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the city's centre. The airport is the main hub for the national flag carrier, Air Koryo, and is served by only one other airline, Air China.
During the Korean War, the airport was occupied by United Nations forces for seven weeks in late 1950. The forces flew large amounts of supplies to Sunan during this period. On 13 May 1953 the airport was inundated when the US Air Force bombed Toksan Dam. After an armistice was signed two months later, the North Korean Government started repairing and expanding the airport.
Development since the 2000s
In 2000, Aeroflot discontinued its flights from Moscow and later discontinued its services from Khabarovsk. China Southern Airlines offered scheduled charter flights to and from Beijing during the peak season only, and permanently pulled its flights in October 2006. In March 2008, Air China re-established service to Beijing, three days a week. Korean Air and Asiana Airlines also provided chartered flight services to Seoul and Yangyang on the east coast of South Korea from Pyongyang. These flights were used by Korean family members visiting divided family across the border.
By early 2011 an interim facility handling international flights had been constructed just south of the existing terminal. By early 2012 demolishing of the existing terminal, which Kim Jong-un deemed too small and outdated, had begun. In July 2012 he ordered the construction of a new terminal. Besides this, a new control tower and VIP terminal north of the main terminal were constructed. The project became part of a "speed campaign", in which thousands of workers were enlisted to quickly complete it. Most construction was carried out by hand or with simple tools.
Kim Jong-un made frequent inspections of progress. During an inspection in November 2014, he complained about the design and had parts of the terminal torn down and rebuilt. In May 2015 he is believed to have executed head designer Ma Won Chun, as part of a government purge. On 1 July 2015 the new terminal was opened as Terminal 2, with Premier Pak Pong-ju officiating the inauguration ceremony.
In late 2015, China's Spring Airlines applied to the CAAC to begin scheduled flights to Pyongyang from Shanghai–Pudong in early 2016. The airline would be the first low-cost carrier and second foreign airline to fly to North Korea.
Terminal 1 served as an interim international terminal between the closure and eventual demolition of the original terminal, and the opening of Terminal 2 in July 2015. Since then it has closed and is undergoing construction work.
Terminal 2 opened on 1 July 2015. It is a multistory building with at least 12 check-in counters and three gates, each equipped with jetways. In addition, there is a newsstand, coffee bar, Internet room, duty-free store, and other shops.
The terminal is six times larger than the original terminal. It currently handles all domestic and international flights, although it is only set up for international flights as all arrivals go through the immigration and customs hall, with domestic arrivals bypassing immigration officers and customs procedures through an informal channel.
The airport has two runways, 01/19 (northern) and 17/35 (southern). Runway 01/19 is equipped with ILS for precision approaches from both directions, while runway 17/35 is closed.
Airlines and destinations
|Air Koryo||Beijing–Capital, Chongjin, Hamhung, Samjiyon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Vladivostok
Charter: Changchun, Zhengzhou
Seasonal charter: Harbin, Yanji
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