Cartulary of St. Peter in Poljice
Jura sancti Petri de Gomai
First page of the Supetar Cartulary
|Date||varies, 1105 - 14th century (mostly 12th century)|
|Provenance||Monastery of St. Peter in Poljice (ruins)|
|Authenticity||The main part is generally accepted as authentic, with later additions as spurious|
|First printed edition||1844 by Frano Carrara|
|Length||30 leaves total|
|Subject||Charters of monastery of St. Peter in Poljice, Croatia|
|Period covered||11th and 12th century|
|Personages||Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia, Lawrence, Archbishop of Split, Petar Crni|
Although the cartulary itself just lists the possessions of the monastery of St. Peter in Poljice, Croatia and the ways through which they were acquired˙(such as purchase or grants), it also contains a few important historical notes. It is preserved in its original form. In its basis, the cartulary is actually a chronicle of the Benedictine monastery which was founded around 1080 by a Croatian dignitary and slave owner Petar Crni (Peter the Black).
The cartulary traces the foundation of the monastery of Saint Peter in Poljice, near Split on October 11, 1080, during the reign of king Demetrius Zvonimir. It was founded by a local nobleman Petrus Zerni (Croatian: Petar Crni), son of Gumaj, and his wife Mary. The document represents an important insight into the social and economic situation and circumstances in 11th-century Croatia and Dalmatia. It chronologically lists land exchanges, and more importantly, the acquisition of slaves, which had been a profitable trade in the region.
It contains rich onomastics material. Apart from personal names of Slavic, Roman and Christian origin, it also contains vernacular nicknames such as Platichlebi (plati + hleb, "buy bread"), Tilstacossa (Tusta kosa, thick hair), Urascana (Vraškonja) and so on.
- Zelić-Bučan, Benedikta, Članci i rasprave iz starije hrvatske povijesti, str. 186
- Stipišić, Jakov, Pomoćne povijesne znanosti, Zagreb 1972, str. 165.
- Raukar, Tomislav, Hrvatsko srednjovjekovlje, Zagreb 1997, str. 198.
- Novak-Skok, p. 259.
- Novak, Viktor i Petar Skok. Supetarski kartular. Zagreb: JAZU, 1952. Source