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Survey may refer to:

Types of surveying[edit]

Human research[edit]

Spatial measurement[edit]

  • Surveying, the technique and science of measuring positions and distances on Earth
    • Photogrammetry, a method of collecting information using aerial photography
    • Cadastral surveyor, used to document land ownership, by the production of documents, diagrams, plats, and maps
      • Dominion Land Survey, the method used to divide most of Western Canada into one-square-mile sections for agricultural and other purposes
      • Public Land Survey System, a method used in the United States to survey and identify land parcels
      • Survey township, a square unit of land, six miles (~9.7 km) on a side, done by the U.S. Public Land Survey System
    • Construction surveying, the locating of structures relative to a reference line, used in the construction of buildings, roads, mines, and tunnels
  • Deviation survey, used in the oil industry to measure a borehole's departure from the vertical
  • Archaeological field survey, the collection of information by archaeologists prior to excavation

Earth science[edit]

  • Geological survey, an investigation of the subsurface of the ground to create a geological map or model
    • Cave survey, the three-dimensional mapping of underground caverns
    • Geophysical survey, the systematic collection of geophysical data for spatial studies
    • Hydrographic survey, the gathering of information about navigable waters for the purposes of safe navigation of vessels
    • Soil survey, the mapping of the properties and varieties of soil in a given area


  • Astronomical survey, imaging or mapping regions of the sky
    • Durchmusterung, a German word for a systematic survey of objects or data, generally used in astronomy
    • Redshift survey, an astronomical survey of a section of the sky to calculate the distance of objects from Earth

Other types of survey[edit]


Geospatial survey organizations[edit]

Geological survey organizations[edit]

Other survey organizations[edit]

See also[edit]