Tai chi chih

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T'ai Chi Chih (simplified Chinese: 太极智; traditional Chinese: 太極智; pinyin: tàijízhì; Wade–Giles: tʼai4 chi2 chih4), abbreviated as TCC, is a series of 19 movements and 1 pose that together make up a meditative form of movement to which practitioners attribute physical, personal, and spiritual health benefits. The name "T'ai Chi Chih" is a registered trademark and is always title-cased. Some studies[1][2][3] have found the practice to reduce stress and relieve certain ailments.[citation needed]


Developed in Albuquerque, New Mexico, in 1974 by Justin Stone (1916–2012), T'ai Chi Chih has spread mostly through word-of-mouth in a grassroots fashion among practicing individuals.[citation needed]

The form is taught and practiced in the US, Canada, France, Italy, New Zealand, Zimbabwe, Namibia, and other countries.[citation needed]


T'ai Chi Chih has visual similarities to t'ai chi ch'uan, but no martial arts aspect. According to practitioners, T'ai Chi Chih focuses on circulating, developing, and balancing chi (in the traditional Chinese concept, a kind of spiritual energy residing in every living thing).[citation needed]


  1. ^ Irwin, Michael R.; Pike, Jennifer L.; Cole, Jason C.; Oxman, Michael N. (2003). "Effects of a Behavioral Intervention, Tai Chi Chih, on Varicella-Zoster Virus Specific Immunity and Health Functioning in Older Adults". Psychosomatic Medicine. 65 (5): 824–30. doi:10.1097/01.PSY.0000088591.86103.8F. PMID 14508027. S2CID 25730838. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
  2. ^ Detert, Richard A.; Derosia, Courtney; Caravella, Tracy; Duquette, R. Daniel (2006). "Reducing Stress and Enhancing the General Well-Being of Teachers Using Tʼai Chi Chih Movements: A Pilot Study". Californian Journal of Health Promotion. 4 (1): 162–173. doi:10.32398/cjhp.v4i1.743.
  3. ^ Schaller, K. (1996). "Tai chi: An exercise option for older adults". Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 22 (10): 12–17. doi:10.3928/0098-9134-19961001-11. PMID 8954380. Archived from the original on 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2007-12-09.


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