Tāmihana Te Rauparaha

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Tāmihana Te Rauparaha, 1869

Tāmihana (born Katu) Te Rauparaha (1820s – October 1876) was a notable New Zealand Māori leader, Christian evangelist, assessor, writer and farmer.[1] He was born in Pukearuhe, Taranaki, New Zealand, the son of the great Ngati Toa leader Te Rauparaha and his fifth and senior wife, Te Akau of Tuhourangi.[2]

Tāmihana was strongly influenced by Church Missionary Society teaching.[3] In 1842 Tāmihana worked as a missionary in the South Island, easing fears of renewed conflict from his father's old enemies. The following year he married Ruta Te Kapu in Otaki. In October 1850 he sailed for England,[4][5][6] where he was presented to Queen Victoria. On his return Tāmihana became supportive of the idea of a Māori King to unify tribes.[7] Initially he joined the King movement in opposing the selling of Māori land to the government, but when a chief of Te Āti Awa, Wiremu Kīngi got into conflict with the government over the sale of land at Waitara, he broke with the movement and sided with the government over issues of land and sovereignty.[8]

He died on 22 or 23 October 1876 and is said to be buried in an unmarked grave at Otaki, beside his wife. They had had no children, but had an adopted son.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, October 1852". Tamahana Te Rauparaha (part 2). Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 18 October 2015. (Subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ Oliver, Steven. "Tamihana Te Rauparaha". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, April 1851". New-Zealand Chiefs in Committee Drawing Up a Reply to the Society's Jubilee Letter. Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 18 October 2015. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, September 1852". Tamahana Te Rauparaha (part 1). Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 18 October 2015. (Subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, November 1852". Tamahana Te Rauparaha (part 3). Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 18 October 2015. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, November 1852". Tamahana Te Rauparaha (part 4). Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 18 October 2015. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ "Tamihana Te Rauparaha". Social Justice Commission of the Anglican Church. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  8. ^ Encyclopedia of NZ.T Te Rauparaha.