Template:Long dash

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 ——— 

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The long dash template produces a 3-em dash, which looks like this: " ——— ". It is intended for use in bibliographies where there is more than one title by the same author, to avoid repetition of the author's name.

Use[edit]

To use, replace the author's name with:

{{long dash}}

Example[edit]

This mark-up:

* Cook, Nicholas. ''A Guide to Musical Analysis''. Oxford University Press, 1987.
* {{long dash}} ''Music: A Very Short Introduction''. Oxford University Press, 1998.
* {{long dash}} and Mark Everist (eds). ''Rethinking Music''. Oxford University Press, 1999.

gives this:

  • Cook, Nicholas. A Guide to Musical Analysis. Oxford University Press, 1987.
  •  ———  Music: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 1998.
  •  ———  and Mark Everist (eds). Rethinking Music. Oxford University Press, 1999.

which avoids the repetitions of:

  • Cook, Nicholas. A Guide to Musical Analysis. Oxford University Press, 1987.
  • Cook, Nicholas. Music: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Cook, Nicholas, and Mark Everist (eds). Rethinking Music. Oxford University Press, 1999.

See also[edit]

For other types of dash, see:

Code Name Display Explanation
− or
the "−" character in the "Insert" edit box tool
Minus  −  A mathematical operation symbol (display varies depending on font)
{{ndash}} or
– or
the "–" character in the "Insert" edit box tool
En dash  –  A short dash (typically half the width of an em dash)
{{mdash}} or
— or
the "—" character in the "Insert" edit box tool
Em dash  —  A long dash (one em wide, typically equivalent to the height of the font size)
- Hyphen  -  The hyphen character on most keyboards, used to hyphenate compound words (display varies depending on font)

For guidance on usage of the various kinds of dash, see: