Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm von Bischoff

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Portrait of Theodor von Bischoff (ca. 1870)

Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm von Bischoff (October 28, 1807 in Hannover – December 5, 1882 in Munich) was a German physician and biologist.


He lectured on pathological anatomy at Heidelberg (1835-1843) and held professorships in anatomy and physiology at Giessen (1843-1855) and Munich, where he was appointed to the chair of anatomy and physiology in 1854.[1]

His most important contributions were made in embryology with a series of four exhaustive memoirs on the development of the mammalian ovum; published in 1842 (rabbit), 1845 (dog), 1852 (guinea pig), and 1854 (roe deer).[2] His studies concerning animal metabolism by measuring urea were less successful, as was his research on the anatomy of skull and brain.

He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1878.[3]

Selected works[edit]

  • Beiträge zur Lehre von den Eyhüllen des menschlichen Fötus, 1834 – Contributions to the study of the human fetus.
  • Entwickelungsgeschichte der Säugethiere und des Menschen, 1842 – Developmental history of mammals and man.
  • Entwicklungsgeschichte des kaninchen-eies, 1842 – Developmental history of the rabbit ovum.
  • Entwicklungsgeschichte des hunde-eies, 1845 – Developmental history of the dog ovum.
  • Entwicklungsgeschichte des meerschweinchens, 1852 – Developmental history of the guinea pig.
  • Entwicklungsgeschichte des Rehes, 1854 – Developmental history of the roe deer.
  • Die Grosshirnwindungen des Menschen : mit Berücksichtigung ihrer Entwicklung bei dem Fötus und ihrer Anordnung bei den Affen, 1868 – The cerebral convolutions of man.
  • Das Studium und die Ausübung der Medicin durch Frauen, 1872 – The study and practice of medicine by women.[4]
Grave of Theodor Bischoff at the Alten Südlichen Friedhof in Munich


  1. ^ Wood 1907.
  2. ^ Driesch 1911, p. 326, 2nd ¶ from end of page.
  3. ^ "T.L.W. von Bischoff (1807 - 1882)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  4. ^ Most widely held works by Th. Ludw. Wilh Bischoff WorldCat Identities


Further reading[edit]