The British Vacuum Council
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The British Vacuum Council (BVC) is the link between scientists and engineers within the UK and the International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications (IUVSTA).
The Council supports education activities that develop the understanding of vacuum science, technology and its applications. It is strongly engaged in co-ordinating, sponsoring and promoting conferences, meetings, seminars and courses in these fields.
The Council encourages professional excellence by awarding two prizes each year for outstanding work.
The British Vacuum Council is a registered charity which represents internationally the interests of scientists and engineers who are members of professional and learned societies in fields related to vacuum. These societies can become members of the Council and are known as "institutional members". Currently, there are two members: the Institute of Physics and the UK Surface Analysis Forum, UKSAF.
The Members of the Council comprise Officers who are elected at the Annual Meeting of the Council and two representatives of each institutional member.
The BVC nominates a Councillor and an Alternate Councillor to represent Great Britain on the International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications for each of its Triennia. It also nominates representatives to each Divisional College of IUVSTA. The Councillor, Alternate and Divisional Representatives are non-voting members of Council.
The Council has no individual members or corporate members.
The Trustees of the charity are the full members of the Council. The BVC submits an annual return to The Charity Commissioner of England and Wales each year.
Inauguration of the British Vacuum Council
The British Vacuum Council (BVC), which came into existence in 1959 under its original name Joint British Committee for Vacuum Science and Technology (JBCVST), is the body which was established by a number of professional, scientific and technological institutions (Institute of Metals, Institution of Electrical Engineers, Institute of Physics, the Faraday Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry) to co-ordinate meetings and similar activities of members interested in vacuum in the several Institutions. It is moreover, the British national vacuum body affiliated to the IUVSTA and the official channel through which vacuum workers in the United Kingdom can collaborate with their colleagues overseas.
The need for a national body to serve the interests of the scientists and engineers engaged in expanding the field of vacuum science and technology in the UK became apparent in 1959. Because of the inter-disciplinary nature of the subject no single Professional Institution could be expected to give a complete service to all vacuum workers. Accordingly, discussions took place between representatives of nine Institutions culminating in a meeting in June 1959 at which it was agreed not to recommend the formation of a new autonomous vacuum society but, instead, to set up a joint committee composed of representatives of the participating Institutions. It was further agreed that the Institute of Physics would provide a permanent secretariat for the Committee, which would be paid for from a small annual subscription levied on each participating Institution. The JBCVST held its first meeting in October 1959 at which Dr. R. W. Sillars (representative of the Institute of Physics) was elected as the first Chairman with Dr. H. R. Lang (Secretary of the Institute of Physics) being appointed Secretary.
Further examination of the role of the JBCVST after several years' operation led to the conclusion that it should continue but with the formulation of a proper Constitution to regularize its existence. As part of this reform the title was changed on 10 April 1969 to The British Vacuum Council. On 18 November 1985, it was accepted by the UK Charity Commissioners, giving the BVC charitable status (Reg No: 292999). The original members of the BVC were: The Institute of Physics and the Physical Society, The Institution of Electrical Engineers, The Royal Society of Chemistry, The Institute of Metals, The Institute of Petroleum and The Institute of Chemical Engineers. Owing to changes in the member Institutes and their own members' interests, only the Institute of Physics now remains as a member of the BVC. The Institute of Metals withdrew in 1993 and the Faraday Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry withdrew in 2010.
BVC and the International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications
The BVC is a founder member of IUVSTA and has been actively involved with the IUVSTA since its formation. The BVC hosted the 4th IUVSTA IVC in Manchester in 1968 and the 14th IVC in Birmingham in 1998 and also hosted 12 ECMs. Professor J. Yarwood helped draft the resolution establishing the IOVST which later became IUVSTA. He served as Councillor and was for many years Recording Secretary of the IUVSTA Executive Council. Mr. A. S. D. Barrett was Secretary General of the IOVST and IUVSTA Councillor. Professor L. Holland served as President of the Union during the period 1977-1980. Professor J. S. Colligon was Recording Secretary from 1986–1989 and Secretary General from 1989-1998. Professor D. P. Woodruff was Scientific Director from 1992–1995 and President from 1998-2001. Dr R. J. Reid has been Secretary General during the period 2004-2013.
Councillors have included Professors C. J. Todd, D. A. King, D. P. Woodruff, J. H. Leck and R. W. Joyner, Drs G. J. Davies, R. J. Reid, D. E. Sykes and A. Shard. The BVC is normally represented on all the Scientific Divisions of the IUVSTA and plays a full and active part in its work, including organising Conferences and Workshops.
The BVC Annual Address
The BVC Annual Address was introduced in 1970 and is to be given annually by an outstanding worker in vacuum science or an allied subject. The first lecture was given by Professor L. Holland. In the early 1970s this annual lecture was presented at a special meeting held in London and hosted by one of the constituent bodies. Later, the format was changed so that the lecture was presented at several venues within the United Kingdom. More recently, it has been given at a suitable major national or international conference held in the UK.
In 1971 the Council, at the invitation of the Directors of Pergamon Press, took over editorial responsibility for the journal "Vacuum". The duties handed down included the appointment of the Editor and his editorial advisors. The council has been fortunate in its selection of editors. The first was Professor J. Yarwood from 1971 to 1980, who was followed on retirement by Professor J. S. Colligon (1981–1989) and, subsequently, Dr R. K. Fitch. All were extremely energetic in carrying out the general policy established by the council and in developing the International standing of the Journal. In 1995 Elsevier, who had taken over the publication of "Vacuum" from Pergamon, terminated this agreement and its associated royalties. During the period where royalties were received, the income had allowed the BVC to give financial support to postgraduate students in the UK to enable them to attend scientific meetings both at home and abroad.
The BVC has sponsored short courses on vacuum and related topics over the years, including a very successful training course on Vacuum Technology, run by Drs Chambers, Fitch and Halliday, which was first held in Glasgow in March 1986 and has since been repeated at various venues many times. It also sponsors conferences and workshops in the UK and Ireland relevant to the fields of interest of BVC/IUVSTA and will consider sponsoring IUVSTA workshops abroad where a main organiser is based in the UK.
The Council has two prizes within its gift, which are normally awarded annually.
To encourage the awareness of young scientists and engineers of the subject, the Council instituted in 1977 a prize to be presented each year to a young scientist or engineer working in a UK laboratory, adjudged to have presented the best scientific paper in that year. In 1981 the Council was pleased when Dr. C. R. Burch agreed to allow his name to be attached to the prize in recognition of his pioneering work in vacuum science particularly in developing Apiezon oils some 50 years earlier.
British Vacuum Council Senior Prize
In 1988 the BVC Medal and Prize was first awarded for distinguished contributions to British scientific research in the fields of vacuum science, surface science, thin films or any related topic in which vacuum science and engineering play an important role. It was presented to Prof R H Williams at the 1st European Vacuum Conference held at Salford in April 1988, immediately before the Annual Address. It was also felt that the presenter of the Annual Address should also receive a medal. Consequently, the John Yarwood Medal was instituted for this purpose and was first presented in 1989 to Prof C T Campbell. The John Yarwood Memorial Medal has been established to honour the memory of Professor John Yarwood – a prominent scientist in the field of vacuum physics and one of the founders of the British Vacuum Council.
Currently the British Vacuum Council awards the Senior Prize, which is associated with the John Yarwood Memorial Medal. The prize is awarded for distinguished contributions to British scientific research in the fields of vacuum science, surface science, thin films or any related topic in which vacuum science and engineering play an important role. Prize winners may be invited to deliver the BVC Annual Address at an appropriate occasion.
British Vacuum Council Junior Prize
To encourage the awareness of young scientists and engineers of the subject of vacuum, the Council
instituted in 1977 a prize to be presented each year to a young scientist or engineer working in a UK laboratory, adjudged to have presented the best scientific paper in that year. In 1981 the Council was pleased when Dr. C. R. Burch agreed to allow his name to be attached to the prize in recognition of his pioneering work in vacuum science particularly in developing Apiezon oils some 50 years earlier.
Currently, the Council awards the C R Burch Prize and the BVC Medal to encourage outstanding work by scientists and engineers in the early stages of their careers in the field of vacuum science, surface science, thin films, or any related topic in which vacuum science and engineering play an important role. Applicants must be graduates within ten years of receiving their first degree or non-graduates at an equivalent stage of a professional career. Candidates should normally be resident in the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland
Recipients of BVC prizes
Recipients of the BVC Senior Prize and John Yarwood Medal
|2018||Dr William (Bill) Allison|
|2014||Professor Geoffrey Thornton|
|2013||Professor Richard Palmer, University of Birmingham|
|2012||No prize awarded|
|2011||Professor Peter Weightman|
|2010||No prize awarded|
|2009||Professor John Watts|
|2008||Professor Chris McConville, University of Warwick|
Recipients of the BVC Junior Prize and the BVC Medal and C R Burch Award
|2014||No prize awarded|
|2013||Dr Philip King, St Andrews University, currently at Cornell University|
|2012||No prize awarded|
|2011||Dr Felicia Green, National Physical Laboratory, and Dr Peter Carrington, University of Lancaster|
|2010||No prize awarded|
|2009||Dr Timothy David Veal|
The prizes were reconstituted in 2007.
Recipients of the BVC Medal and Prize
|1999||M Wyn Roberts|
|1998||David Philip Woodruff|
|1997||John Henry Leck|
|1996||Neville Vincent Richardson|
|1995||Martin Pengton Seah|
|1994||John Brian Pendry|
|1991||David Anthony King|
|1989||John Cecil Riviere|
|1988||Robin Hughes Williams|
Previous winners of the John Yarwood Medal
|2005||Professor Richard Lambert|
|2004||Professor Ian Boyd|
|2003||No prize awarded|
|2002||No prize awarded|
|2001||No prize awarded|
|2000||Professor Michael Bowker|
|1999||Professor M Wyn Roberts|
|1998||Professor D Philip Woodruff|
|1997||Dr Bo Persson|
|1996||Professor Alex Bradshaw|
|1995||Professor G Magaritondo|
|1994||Professor D Wayne Goodman|
|1993||Professor L Shohet and Dr D E Aspnes|
|1992||Dr John Haw|
|1991||Dr Bruce Kay and Dr F van der Veen|
|1990||Dr Joachim Roth|
|1989||Professor C T Campbell|
Previous winners of the C R Burch Prize
|Year||Name||Reason for winning
|2008||No prize awarded|
|2007||No prize awarded|
|2006||No prize awarded|
|2005||Dr Gavin Bell||University of Warwick|
|2004||No prize awarded|
|2003||No prize awarded|
|2002||No prize awarded|
|2001||No prize awarded|
|2000||Dr Mike Lee||University of Hull|
|1999||Dr Christopher Baddeley
Dr Philip Moriaty
|Lecturer in Surface Science, School of Chemistry, University of St Andrews
School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Nottingham
|1998||No prize awarded|
|1997||Dr Stephen Patrick Wilks||Dept of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Wales, Swansea||Outstanding work in field of semiconductor interfaces|
|1996||No prize awarded|
|1995||Dr Jas Pal Badyal||Dept of Chemistry, University of Durham|
|1994||Dr Dermot Monaghan||Dept of Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering, University of Salford||Development of new types of coating, and work in the field of physical vapour deposition|
|1993||Dr Robert Short||Dept of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield||Work on polymer surface analysis and surface molecular engineering|
|1992||No prize awarded|
|1991||No prize awarded|
|1990||Dr T S Jones||Imperial College|
|1989||Dr Karen Reeson
Dr Alfred Cerezo
|Dept of Electronic & Electrical Engineering at University of Surrey
Dept of Metallurgy & Science of Materials at University of Oxford
|1988||Dr Elaine McCash||Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge|
|1987||No prize awarded|
|1986||No prize awarded|
|1985||No prize awarded|
|1984||No prize awarded|
|1983||Mr D C Peacock||University of York||Paper on 'Instrumental effects in quantitative Auger electron spectroscopy'|
|1982||No prize awarded|
|1981||Mr David Kingham||Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge|
Annual Address speakers
|Year||Speaker||Topic (where recorded)|
|2005||Professor Richard Lambert, University of Cambridge||Application of Surface Science to Heterogeneous Catalysis|
|2004||Professor Ian Boyd, University College London|
|2003||No annual address given|
|2002||No annual address given|
|2001||No annual address given|
|2000||Professor Michael Bowker, University of Reading|
|1999||Professor M Wyn Roberts, Cardiff University|
|1998||Professor D Philip Woodruff, University of Warwick, UK|
|1997||Dr Bo Persson|
|1996||Professor Alex Bradshaw, Fritz-Haber-Institute, Berlin||Molecules on Metal Surfaces: Structure and Bonding|
|1995||Professor G Magaritondo, EPFL Lausanne||Photoelectron Spectromicroscopy with Ultra-bright Synchrotron Radiation|
|1994||Professor D Wayne Goodman, Texas A&M University|
|1993||Professor L Shohet, Madison-Wisconsin
Dr D E Aspnes, North Carolina State University
|Recent Progress in Plasma-Aided Manufacturing
Real-time Optical Diagnostics for Epitaxial Growth
|1992||Dr John Haw, Texas A&M University|
|1991||Dr Bruce Kay, Sandia Laboratories, New Mexico
Dr F van der Veen, Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven
|1990||Dr Joachim Roth, Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics, Garching|
|1989||Professor C T Campbell, Indiana University||Studies of Catalytic Kinetics and Mechanisms Over Well-Defined Model Catalysts Based Upon Single Crystal Surfaces|
|1988||Professor T Madey, NBS Washington, DC||Electron and Photon Stimulated Desorption of Ions From Surfaces: Benefits and Pitfalls|
|1987||Professor R J Madix, Stanford University||Reaction Kinetics and Dynamics at Surfaces|
|1986||Dr H Biederman, Charles University, Prague||Polymer Films Prepared by Plasma Polymerization and Their Potential Application|
|1985||Dr R Tait, SERC Daresbury||Electrons, Photons and Ions at Daresbury|
|1984||Dr E Kay, IBM San Jose||The Role of Ion Laser-Induced Processing in Contemporary Dry Processing Techniques|
|1983||Dr A Luntz, IBM San Jose||Laser Probes of Molecular-Surface Dynamics|
|1982||Sir Alec Merrison, Vice-Chancellor, University of Bristol||Science and Technology: Is There a Difference?|
|1981||Dr J T Yates, NBS Washington, DC||Structural Factors in Chemisorption and Heterogeneous Catalysis|
|1980||R N Jackson, Philips Research Laboratories, Redhill||Television: the Widening Horizon|
|1979||Sir Arthur Vick, Vice-Chancellor, Queen's University of Belfast||Physics in Education|
|1978||Dr D Eckhardt, Culham Laboratory||The Vacuum System of the Proposed JET Experiment|
|1977||Professor G Carter, University of Salford||The Interaction Between Atomic Collisions in Solids and Vacuum|
|1976||Professor Boyd||Studies in Nature's Most Abundant Vacuum|
|1975||Dr E Jones, CERN, Geneva||The Design and Production of UHV Chambers, with particular reference to the CERN ISR|
|1974||No annual address given|
|1973||Professor Tedford, University of Strathclyde||Vacuum Insulation in the Service of Industry|
|1972||No annual address given|
|1971||Mr K C Barraclough, Firth Brown Ltd.||Vacuum Technology in Steel Making|
|1970||Dr L Holland, Edwards High Vacuum||A Review of Some Recent Vacuum Studies|
- The official website of The British Vacuum Council
- International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications