The Glass Castle

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The Glass Castle
The Glass Castle Jeannette Walls hardcover first edition 2005.jpg
First hardcover edition (2005)
AuthorJeannette Walls
Cover artistRodrigo Corral
CountryUnited States
Publication date
March 2005
Media typePrint & E-Edition
Preceded byDish: The Inside Story on the World of Gossip 
Followed byHalf Broke Horses: A True-Life Novel 

The Glass Castle is a 2005 memoir by Jeannette Walls. The book recounts the unconventional, poverty-stricken upbringing Jeannette and her siblings had at the hands of their deeply dysfunctional parents. The title refers to her father’s long held intention of building his dream house, a glass castle.

The memoir spent over 260 weeks in hardcover on The New York Times Best Seller list[1][2] and it remained on the paperback nonfiction bestseller list until October 10, 2018, having persisted for 440 weeks.[3] By late 2007, The Glass Castle had sold over 2.7 million copies, had been translated into 22 languages, and received the Christopher Award, the American Library Association's Alex Award (2006) and the Books for Better Living Award.[4]

The Glass Castle was adapted as a feature film, released in the summer of 2017.


Young Jeannette Walls lives with her parents, Rex and Rose Mary, her older sister, Lori, her younger brother, Brian, and her younger sister, Maureen. When Jeannette is seven, the family moves to Battle Mountain, Nevada where they enjoy stability for the first time due to Rex working for a mining company. Rex then loses his job due to a combination of not turning up on time and having problems with authority; Rose Mary gets a job teaching at the local school but Rex quickly siphons away her paycheck. Despite their precarious financial situation, the children are happy until a young boy develops a fixation on Jeannette who tries to touch her sexually but due to her many objections is caught. As a result, the boy tells Jeannette that he raped her to which he follows and attacks her when the children are home alone. Lori retrieves their father's pistol to scare him away but the police are called: when Rex and Rose Mary learn that the children might be taken away from them, they decide to flee to Phoenix, Arizona. Jeannette initially believes they are moving to live with her maternal grandmother, but on the way, she is informed Grandma Smith has died and that they are going to live on the property Rose Mary has inherited from her mother.

At first, life seems to improve. The house is big, and Grandma Smith also left Rose Mary a significant inheritance. However, the money quickly disappears and the house falls into a state of disrepair. Rex asks Jeannette what she would like for her 10th birthday, and Jeannette says she would like him to stop drinking. Rex ties himself to a bed for a week to overcome his addiction, then decides to take the family on a trip to the desert. When their car breaks down in the desert, a woman who picks them up and takes them to the city refers to them as "poor", causing Rex to relapse. Rose Mary decides that since they have no money it is time to move again, and she takes the family to their paternal grandparents in Welch, West Virginia.

In Welch, the children meet their paternal grandparents and uncle Stanley for the first time. They are enrolled in school but since Rose Mary left their school records behind and the children have 'strange' accents, they are placed in a class for challenged children. Jeannette is repeatedly beaten up by local girls, but when she helps the neighbor of the lead bully, she is no longer targeted. Rex and Rose Mary decide to return to Phoenix to retrieve some valuable items and leave the children with Rex's mother and father. While they are gone, Lori walks in on her grandmother molesting Brian. Lori gets into a physical altercation with their grandmother over this, and she and Brian realize their father was probably molested as well. Jeannette and Lori became upset. When Rex returns, he admonishes his children for their defiance rather than defending them, and the family is told to leave. They relocate to a small dilapidated house with no indoor plumbing or electricity, on land that Rex acquires with the intention of building his dream house, a glass castle.

Rex assures his children that their situation is temporary, but they end up spending years in the house as it becomes more and more broken-down with Rex refusing to make any repairs. The family's income comes from Rex doing odd jobs and infrequent checks Rose Mary receives from an oil company leasing some land she inherited from her mother. The children resort to dumpster diving to survive. Jeannette begs her mother to leave her father so they can go on welfare, but her mother refuses. Eventually, after a man from child protective services pays them a visit, Rose Mary takes another teaching job. The children believe their lives will improve now that their mother is working, but their money continues to evaporate and Rose Mary suffers nervous breakdowns from the stresses of teaching.

The summer Jeannette is thirteen, her mother leaves to take teaching classes and her sister is away on a scholarship. Jeannette gives her father some of the money her mother has left her to run the household. She ends up unwittingly working with her father in a pool hustling scam where she is groped and nearly raped by a much older man, after which she refuses to participate in any more of her father's schemes. In an effort to find money, Jeannette lands her first real job, working at a jewelry store.

When Rose Mary returns from her teaching seminar, she decides to quit teaching to refocus on her art. Disgusted, Lori and Jeannette hatch a plan for Lori to move to New York City with Jeannette following shortly thereafter. Lori, Jeannette, and Brian work for the better part of a year to accumulate money for the move. Shortly before Lori is set to move, Jeannette discovers Rex has stolen their money. Lori is disheartened, but Jeannette gets an offer to babysit for the summer. She asks the couple to hire Lori instead, and to buy her a ticket to New York in payment.

Jeannette begins making plans to go to college in New York City and realizes she can leave a year early and complete 12th grade there. Rose Mary is indifferent to her leaving, but Rex seems heartbroken and accompanies her to the bus station. After graduating from Barnard College, Jeannette gets an internship at a newspaper. She encourages Brian to join her and Lori in New York, and he agrees. When Maureen is twelve, the house in Welch is on the verge of being condemned, so Lori offers to let her move in with the other siblings in New York and Maureen readily agrees. A short while later, Jeannette gets a call from Rose Mary who tells her that she and Rex have moved to the city to be with their children. Though Lori and Brian try to help their parents, they eventually end up banning them from their apartments. The parents become homeless and end up living in abandoned buildings. When Maureen enters her twenties, she moves back in with her parents but a fight eventually breaks out between Maureen and Rose Mary, and Maureen attempts to stab her mother. She is then arrested and forced to spend a year in a mental institution. When she is released, Maureen decides to move to California.

A few years later, Rex calls Jeannette and tells her that he is dying. He dies a few weeks later. Years later, the family gathers on Thanksgiving where they toast to Rex.


In The New York Times Book Review, critic and novelist Francine Prose wrote, "What's best is the deceptive ease with which Walls makes us see just how she and her siblings were convinced that their turbulent life was a glorious adventure. In one especially lovely scene, Rex takes his daughter to look at the starry desert sky and persuades her that the bright planet Venus is his Christmas gift to her. Even as she describes how their circumstances degenerated, how her mother sank into depression and how hunger and cold — and Rex's increasing irresponsibility, dishonesty and abusiveness — made it harder to pretend, Walls is notably evenhanded and unjudging...'The Glass Castle' falls short of being art, but it's a very good memoir. At one point, describing her early literary tastes, Walls mentions that 'my favorite books all involved people dealing with hardships.' And she has succeeded in doing what most writers set out to do — to write the kind of book they themselves most want to read."[5]

Film adaptation[edit]

Paramount bought the film rights to The Glass Castle,[6] and in March 2013 announced that actress Jennifer Lawrence would play Jeannette Walls in the movie adaptation.[7] In August 2014, it was announced that Destin Daniel Cretton was set to direct.[8] On October 9, 2015, it was reported that Lawrence withdrew from the film. Lionsgate acquired the film rights from Paramount and Brie Larson was cast as Jeannette Walls. Naomi Watts and Woody Harrelson were cast as Rose Mary and Rex Walls, respectively, with Gil Netter producing. Filming began May 20, 2016 in Welch, West Virginia. The film was released August 11, 2017, to mixed reviews praising the performances while noting the film's overall uneven tone. It holds a 51% rating on[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Best Sellers March 18, 2012". The New York Times Best Seller list. 18 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
  2. ^ "Best-selling author to speak in Fremont". The Muskegon Chronicle, Susan Harrison Wolffis, June 03, 2008.
  3. ^ "Paperback Nonfiction Bestseller List, October 10 2018". NYTimes. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Porter-Gaud hosts noted author Walls". Post and Courier, FYI, September 20, 2007.
  5. ^ Francine Prose, "'The Glass Castle': Outrageous Misfortune," The New York Times Book Review, March 13, 2005.
  6. ^ "Pitt's Plan B inks deal with Paramount". M & C News, Jun 23, 2005. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008.
  7. ^ "Jennifer Lawrence To Star in Adaptation of Jeanette Walls' 'Glass Castle: A Memoir'". IndieWire. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
  8. ^ "Jennifer Lawrence's 'Glass Castle' Gains Momentum at Lionsgate".
  9. ^ "The Glass Castle". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 12 August 2018.

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