The Poor Man's Guardian
Hetherington published his Poor Man's Guardian, a successor to his earlier (1830–31) penny daily Penny Papers for the People, as an outright challenge to authority. Published at the low price of a penny per weekly copy it bore the explicit heading: Published contrary to 'law' to try the power of 'might' against 'right'.
The paper represented a fight against the consequences of the Six Acts of 1819, imposed by the tories. The Acts aimed to combat the free, radicalized press seen as representative of a period of radicalism from 1816, which continued until 1820. They imposed a stamped (taxed) press; all publications appearing at less than 26-day intervals had to bear a government stamp and retail at 7d (3p) each. The Poor Man's Guardian was hugely influential upon the decision by the Whig government of Lord Melbourne to lower the tax to a point where newspapers could retail at 4d (1.5p).
The paper claimed that the newspaper stamp was a tax on knowledge; it had the significant motto 'Knowledge is power'. Hetherington's paper was enormously successful and achieved sales of 15,000 copies a week all over the country despite being London-based. Bronterre O'Brien, later a regular contributor to the Northern Star, edited the Poor Man's Guardian from 1832.
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- Wiener, Joel H. (1969). The war of the unstamped. New York: Cornell University.
- Baylen, Joseph O.; Gossman, Norbert J., eds. (1984). Biographical dictionary of modern British radicals. Hassocks, Sussex: Harvester P. ISBN 0-85527-494-8.
- Haywood, Ian (2004). The revolution in popular literature : print, politics, and the people, 1790-1860 (1. publ. ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-83546-1.
- Harrison, Stanley (1974). Poor men's guardians : a record of the struggles for a democratic newspaper press, 1763-1973. London: Lawrence and Wishart. ISBN 0-85315-301-9.
- Simon, Brian, ed. (1972). The Radical Tradition in Education in Britain. London: Lawrence and Wishart.
- Reynold's political instructor. Westport Connecticut: Greenwood Reprint Corporation. 1970.
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