Royal Thai Government Gazette
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cover of the government gazette
|Type||Government official journal|
|Founder(s)||Rama IV of Siam|
|Publisher||Secretariat of the Cabinet|
|Founded||15 March 1858|
The Royal Thai Government Gazette (Thai: ราชกิจจานุเบกษา; rtgs: Ratchakitchanubeksa), frequently abbreviated Government Gazette (GG) or Royal Gazette (RG), is the public journal and newspaper of record of Thailand. Laws passed by the government generally come into force after publication in the GG. The Cabinet Secretariat, a department in the Office of the Prime Minister, is charged with printing the GG.
The GG was first issued on 15 March 1858 by King Rama IV to inform government officials and the general public of news about the country. King Rama III had previously had 9,000 copies printed of a Decree Forbidding Opium Smoking and Sale in 1839. Previously, royal scribes had been compiling decrees by hand. Because of the many difficulties that entailed, King Rama IV accordingly had a printing press set up inside the Grand Palace to publish the GG with government proclamations and regulations for officials and the public. It is likely that most of the announcements that appeared in the GG at the time were penned by King Rama IV himself.
Publication ceased 18 months later as the king had no time to edit it, so announcements were printed and distributed separately. In May 1874, King Rama V restarted the Government Gazette as a weekly, giving it serial number one.
It was discontinued again in 1879 before reappearing for the Bangkok Centennial celebrations in 1882 as Government Gazette Special.
In 1884 the GG restarted and has been printed ever since.
In 1889 the GG was modified somewhat to bring it closer to Western standards, such as the London Gazette. It included general announcements by the government, royal commands, acts of legislation, ministerial regulations, news of royal visits, royal ceremonies, religious items, announcements of royal decorations and ranks, royal obituaries, and the price of unhusked rice. The subscription price was eight baht per year, if picked up from the printing house, or ten baht if delivered to the subscriber's home.