|X-ray of a Tillaux fracture in an 11 year old female|
A Tillaux fracture (or a Tillaux-Chaput avulsion fracture) is a Salter–Harris type III fracture through the anterolateral aspect of the distal tibial epiphysis. It occurs in older adolescents between the ages of 12 and 15 when the medial epiphysis had closed but before the lateral side has done so, due to an avulsion of the anterior tibiofibular ligament, at the opposite end to a Wagstaffe-Le Fort avulsion fracture
The fracture commonly results from an abduction-external rotation force, causing the anterior tibiofibular ligament to avulse the anterolateral corner of the distal tibial epiphysis resulting in a Salter Harris Type III fracture.
It occurs commonly in adolescents and older children. However, it does occur rarely in adults though it may be under reported because of difficulty in diagnosis.
It occurs in older children at the end of growth. Variability in fracture pattern is due to progression of physeal closure as anterolateral part of distal tibial physis is the last to close. When the lateral physis is the only portion not fused, external rotation may lead to Tillaux or Triplane fractures.
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- Tiefenboeck, Thomas M.; Binder, Harald; Joestl, Julian; Tiefenboeck, Michael M.; Boesmueller, Sandra; Krestan, Christian; Schurz, Mark (2016). "Displaced juvenile Tillaux fractures". Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. 129 (5-6): 169–175. doi:10.1007/s00508-016-1059-9. ISSN 0043-5325.