Tobacco Road (play)
First UK edition (1949)
|Written by||Jack Kirkland|
|Date premiered||December 1933|
|Place premiered||Theatre Masque|
New York City
|Subject||Tobacco Road by Erskine Caldwell|
|Setting||A farm in Georgia during the Great Depression|
Tobacco Road is a play by Jack Kirkland first performed in 1933, based on the 1932 novel of the same name by Erskine Caldwell. The play ran on Broadway for a total of 3,182 performances, becoming the longest-running play in history at the time. As of 2018, it was still the 19th longest-running Broadway show in history, as well as being the second-longest running non-musical ever on Broadway.
Tobacco Road opened on Broadway at the Theatre Masque (now the John Golden Theatre) on December 4, 1933, transferred to the 48th Street Theatre (demolished in 1955), where it ran from July 16, 1934 through September 1934, and then moved to the Forrest Theatre (now the Eugene O'Neill Theatre) where it ran until May 31, 1941, for a total of 3,182 performances.
It was revived three times on Broadway:
- From September 5, 1942 through October 3, 1942 at the Forrest Theatre;
- September 4, 1943 through October 30, 1943 at the Ritz Theatre; and
- March 6, 1950 through March 18, 1950 at the 48th Street Theatre.
The American Blues Theater (Chicago) production ran from May 21 through June 20, 2010.
In desolate farm country in Georgia, the profitable tobacco crop has given way to cotton plantations, but poor planting practices have depleted the soil. The Lester family were once sharecroppers, but are now poverty-stricken and unable to cope with the bleak life they face. Jeeter Lester, the patriarch, lives in squalor with his wife Ada, their two children, 16-year-old Dude and 18-year-old Ellie May, and his mother. Ada is suffering from pellagra and Ellie May has a harelip, Jeeter and Dude are thin and emaciated, and the family wears tattered clothing.
Sister Bessie Rice, a stout preacher of about forty, decides to marry Dude, who agrees when she promises to buy him a car. When Capt. Tim Harmon tells the family that the house and property are owned by the bank, Jeeter is given a chance to earn money so that they may keep living there, but he refuses.
The youngest daughter Pearl tries to escape from her much older husband Lov Bensey, but Ada is run over by Dude's car as she attempts to help Pearl. As Ada lies dying, Pearl escapes and runs away; Jeeter sends Ellie May to Lov instead.
Characters and cast
- Jeeter Lester – Henry Hull
- Ellie May Lester – Ruth Hunter
- Dude Lester – Sam Byrd
- Ada Lester – Margaret Wycherly
- Capt. Tim Harmon – Lamar King
- Granma Lester – Patricia Quinn
- Sister Bessie Rice – Maude Odell
- Lov Bensey – Dean Jagger
- Pearl – Reneice Rehan
The play received unfavorable reviews, but gained audiences after ticket prices were cut from $3.30 to $1.10 (2017 equivalent: $60 to $20). The show also toured, becoming "phenomenal" on the road, playing repeat engagements.
Brooks Atkinson wrote: "The theatre has never sheltered a fouler or more degenerate parcel of folks than the hardscrabble family of Lester...It is the blunt truth of the characters he is describing, and it leaves a malevolent glow of poetry... As Jeeter Lester, Henry Hull gives the performance of his career. Plays as clumsy and rudderless as 'Tobacco Road' seldom include so many scattered items that leave such a vivid impression."
The play was banned in major cities such as Chicago and Detroit for being sensational and immoral.
The May 4, 1941 episode of the Texaco Star Theater radio show started with comedian Fred Allen doing a sketch about the closing of Tobacco Road on Broadway. He asked various characters how they felt about the closing.
In the song "Come Up To My Place" from the musical On the Town, which takes place in 1944, Chip asks the cab driver Hildy to take him to several defunct New York attractions, including Tobacco Road.
- "Long Runs in Theatre" Archived 2010-04-02 at the Wayback Machine., Clair Sedore (2008)
- "Long Runs on Broadway" playbill.com, July 3, 2011
- "Tobacco Road" sotherans.co.uk
- La Jolla Playhouse schedule lajollaplayhouse.org
- Jones, Kenneth."Meet the Lesters: Tobacco Road, Paved Anew at La Jolla Playhouse, Opens Oct. 5", playbill.com, Oct. 5, 2008
- Based on CPI increase since 1933: see "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
- New York Times, "Tobacco Road Retires Tonight Undefeated", May 31, 1941, p.13
- New York Times, "Henry Hull in 'Tobacco Road'", December 5, 1933, p.31
- Frank, Leah."Shocks Dissipated In 'Tobacco Road' " New York Times, October 13, 1985
- Tobacco Road at the Internet Broadway Database
- Tobacco Road at the Internet Broadway Database
- New Georgia Encyclopedia article on Tobacco Road
- Theatre History synopsis
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