Hottentot buttonquail

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Hottentot buttonquail
Turnix hottentota - 1820-1863 - Print - Iconographia Zoologica - Special Collections University of Amsterdam - UBA01 IZ17100151.tif
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Turnicidae
Genus: Turnix
T. hottentottus
Binomial name
Turnix hottentottus
(Temminck, 1815)

The Hottentot buttonquail (Turnix hottentottus) is a bird in the family Turnicidae formerly considered conspecific with the black-rumped buttonquail (Turnix nanus).[2]


The species is endemic to South Africa and is found along the south coast from Cape town to Algoa Bay in Eastern Cape province. There are no subspecies.[3]


A 1994 survey resulted in an estimate of c.310-420 birds in 25 square kilometres (9.7 sq mi) of montane fynbos habitat in Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve. The lack of records suggest that this may be an overestimate, and extrapolation of a much lower density estimate from a 1990 study would result in a total population across the Western Cape of just 400 birds (Lee 2013). The total population is therefore uncertain, but given the lack of recent records is assumed to be very small. It is precautionarily estimated to lie within the band of 250-999 mature individuals, with no more than 250 individuals in the largest subpopulation.[4]


Occurs in mountain fynbos where vegetation is relatively sparse.[4]


  1. ^ Birdlife International (2014). "Turnix hottentottus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  2. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Grebes, flamingos, buttonquail, plovers, painted-snipes, jacanas, plains-wanderer, seedsnipes". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Turnix hottentottus range map". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
  4. ^ a b "Turnix hottentottus". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-01-13.