Burcombe

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Burcombe
River Nadder, Burcombe - geograph.org.uk - 757579.jpg
River Nadder, Burcombe
Burcombe is located in Wiltshire
Burcombe
Burcombe
Location within Wiltshire
Population156 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSU070310
Civil parish
  • Burcombe Without
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSalisbury
Postcode districtSP2
Dialling code01722
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°04′41″N 1°54′07″W / 51.078°N 1.902°W / 51.078; -1.902Coordinates: 51°04′41″N 1°54′07″W / 51.078°N 1.902°W / 51.078; -1.902

Burcombe is a village in the civil parish of Burcombe Without, in Wiltshire, England. The village is about 4.5 miles (7 km) west of Salisbury city centre and lies each side of an unclassified road. Burcombe is an unspoiled village with many of the houses' gardens leading down to the River Nadder. The parish includes the hamlet of Ugford which is on the A30 road near the boundary with Wilton parish.

History[edit]

The name is thought to derive from the Saxon name of Brydancumb or Bryda's Valley.[2] At one time in antiquity the village was called South Burcombe and had a twin, North Burcombe, which stood on the north side of what is now the A30 road. Nothing remains of North Burcombe but the church.[2]

Evidence of Neolithic or Bronze Age activity in the area includes, in the south of the parish, a round barrow[3] at the top of a steep slope overlooking Punch Bowl Bottom, a deep valley in the downland with a semicircular head.[4] Part of the northern boundary of Burcombe parish follows Grovely Ditch[5] or Grim's Ditch, an Iron Age earthwork.

Small settlements at Bredecube (Burcombe) and Ocheforde (Ugford) were recorded in the 1086 Domesday survey, when some of the land was held by Wilton Abbey.[6][7]

Ugford House is dated 1636.[8] Much of the housing in Burcombe village was built by the Wilton estate,[9] including Burcombe Manor, a farmhouse dated 1865.[10]

The ancient parish of Burcombe extended further west towards Ditchampton and Wilton. In 1885 Wilton's boundaries were enlarged to include part of Burcombe, which was known for a short time as Burcombe Within; in 1934 a further small part of Burcombe was transferred to Wilton.[11]

Until 1884, North Ugford (comprising the present-day hamlet and an area of farmland, all north of the river) was part of South Newton parish. A church stood in the 13th century but there is no record of it after 1535.[12] The 1934 enlargement of Wilton took some of the Ugford land, thus Wilton's western boundary is now just east of Ugford hamlet.[13]

Church of St John the Baptist[edit]

The church in 2008

The Church of England parish church of St John is built on higher ground near the A30 road, to the north of the village centre, it is assumed to protect it from the possibility of flooding from the river in the lower part of the valley. It was permitted by the Abbesses of Wilton and has features in the corner work of the masonry which indicate strongly that it was originally of Saxon construction, although it has undergone many changes, including restoration in 1859 by T.H. Wyatt.[2] The church is unusual in that it has a tower, rebuilt in 1667,[9] which is lower than the nave roof.

In 1960 the church was designated as a Grade II* listed building.[14] It was declared redundant in 2005 and its sale was proposed in 2007.[15]

The Quaere placename[edit]

In the early 17th century, when John Speed prepared a map of Wiltshire he copied a version by Christopher Saxton, which showed but did not name North Burcombe. On his own map, Speed labelled the village Quaere (Latin for query), presumably because he intended to check the name later, but never did, and his engraver copied the annotation as if it were the village's name. Later map printers in turn copied Speed's map and 'Quaere' appeared on maps of Wiltshire for 145 years until Emanuel Bowen corrected the mistake in his 1755 map of the county.[16]

Amenities[edit]

The Ship Inn at Burcombe is a 17th-century village pub with whitewashed walls, low ceilings with oak beams and a large open fire. The village has a butcher's shop and a small suite of rented offices.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Sawyer, Rex (2006). Nadder: Tales of a Wiltshire Valley. Salisbury: Hobnob Press. pp. 194–195. ISBN 0946418535.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Punch Bowl round barrow (1005612)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  4. ^ Crawford, Osbert Guy Stanhope, ed. (1930). Antiquity, Volume 4. Antiquity Publications. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Grovely Ditch (1005584)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  6. ^ Burcombe in the Domesday Book
  7. ^ Ugford in the Domesday Book
  8. ^ Historic England. "Ugford House (1283764)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 153. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Burcombe Manor (1146142)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  11. ^ Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 6 pp1-7 – The borough of Wilton: Introduction". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Church of St. John, North Ugford, South Newton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  13. ^ Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 6 pp213-227 – Parishes: South Newton". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1198542)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Letter from Church Commissioners to Salisbury District Council: Redundant church of Burcombe St John the Baptist" (PDF). Wiltshire Council. 19 June 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  16. ^ Booth, John (1979). Looking at Old Maps. Westbury, Wiltshire: Cambridge House. p. 45. ISBN 9780906853009.

External links[edit]

Media related to Burcombe at Wikimedia Commons

  • "Burcombe Without". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 25 March 2021.