The Vergarola explosion took place on 18 August 1946 when the sudden detonation of 12 large pieces of assorted ordnance, containing an estimated 9 tons of explosives, killed approximately 70 people and injured 100 others at Vergarola (or Vergarolla) beach, in Pula (Pola), which was at the time under temporary Allied military administration.
The ordnance, which "had been swept from the water [and] were piled up on a beach awaiting disposal" exploded at just after 2pm, 18 August 1946. Initial newspaper reports cited 43 dead and 57 injured, including two British soldiers. Many of the victims were bathers who were attending an annual swimming event called Scarioni Cup. The event had strong political implications, because local Italian leaders and the main Italian newspaper L'Arena di Pola, suggested that it was a demonstration of the Italian feelings of the residents, and a way to contest the possible (later actual) annexation to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The exact number of victims of the incident remains undefined, with estimates ranging up to about a hundred dead.
A subsequent Allied military investigation into the incident was undertaken by Brigadier M.D. Erskine, commander of the 24th Guards Brigade who reported on 8 September 1946 that the accident was caused by the detonation of three torpedo warheads, four TNT demolition charges and five smoke generators. He said that the munitions had been inspected on several occasions and had been certified as being safe and that "I do not consider therefore that it is possible for it to have exploded without being detonated". He added that "[t]he ammunition was deliberately exploded by person or persons unknown. This is confirmed by the fact that a small preliminary explosion was heard and a fire was seen burning".
Agreeing with these findings, Brigadier Bastin on behalf of the General Officer Commanding in Chief concluded in the final report dated 14 February 1947 that "I am of the opinion that the explosion was caused by some person or persons unknown. I am satisfied that the ammunition was safe and properly inspected and that it was not feasible to place guards over it. I therefore consider that no blame for the explosion lies with the Allied Military Authorities".
- http://geneva.usmission.gov/CD/updates/0804DangerousDepots.html[permanent dead link]
- Day, Alan John; Bell, Judith (1987). Border and territorial disputes. Longman. p. 75. ISBN 0-582-00987-1.
- A. Fonio Grubiša, La ferita di Vergarolla (Vergarolla's wound), in La Voce del Popolo, Rijeka, 18 of August 2004
- http://www.javno.com/en-croatia/will-italian-irredentists-celebrate-in-pula_172966[permanent dead link]
- Čonč, Tea (June 2012). "Eksplozija na Vergaroli u Puli 18. kolovoza 1946. godine: pokušaj rekonstrukcije i izazovi tumačenja" (PDF). History Teaching (in Croatian). VII (14): 133–176. Retrieved 25 October 2015.