Vervain hummingbird

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Vervain hummingbird
Vervain hummingbird (Mellisuga minima).jpg
In Jamaica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Mellisuga
Species: M. minima
Binomial name
Mellisuga minima
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The vervain hummingbird (Mellisuga minima) is a species of hummingbird found in the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Jamaica, and is a vagrant to Puerto Rico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forests.

It is considered the second-smallest bird in the world after the bee hummingbird. Typical length is 6 cm (2.4 in), including the bill, and weight is 2–2.4 g (0.071–0.085 oz).[2] It also has among the smallest eggs in the bird world, with an average length of 1 cm (0.39 in) and weight of 0.375 g.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Mellisuga minima". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Steven Latta; Christopher Rimmer; Allan Keith; James Wiley; Herbert Raffaele; Kent McFarland; Eladio Fernandez (15 May 2010). Birds of the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Princeton University Press. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-0-691-11891-8. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Raffaele, Herbert; James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele (2003) Birds of the West Indies, Christopher Helm, London.