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In 1968, he collaborated with American engineer Donald Shiley to develop the Björk–Shiley valve, a mechanical prosthetic heart valve. It was the first "tilting disc valve", used to replace the aortic or mitral valve. Many modifications followed, including the convexo-concave valve. The convexo-concave valve had defects in form of strut fractures. Therefore the monostrut valve was introduced to prevent outflow strut fractures.
The Bjork–Shiley valve was manufactured by Pfizer after they bought the Shiley company in 1979. In 1980 Björk wrote to Pfizer threatening to publish cases of valve failures — often fatal to the patients — unless corrective action was taken. This eventually led to long lawsuit that involved the recall of all existing valves and Pfizer allocating up to US$20 million to pay compensation.
Björk wrote his dissertation in 1948, titled "Brain perfusion in dogs with artificially oxygenated blood".
- H, Ahn; Kim KH; Kim DJ; Jeong DS (22 December 2007). "Long-term experience with the Bjork–Shiley Monostrut tilting disc valve". J. Korean Med. Sci. 22 (6): 1060–4. doi:10.3346/jkms.2007.22.6.1060. PMC 2694640. PMID 18162723.
- Björk, Viking Olov(1948). Brain perfusion in dogs with artificially oxygenated blood. Libris 1389404 (http://libris.kb.sebib/1389404)
- Obituary in Svenska Dagbladet, 22 February 2009
- "Viking Olov Björk – 1918 - 2009". Archived from the original on 8 July 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
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