Volatility (memory forensics)

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Volatility
Stable release
2.6 / December 30, 2016; 22 months ago (2016-12-30)
Operating systemWindows, Mac OS X, Linux
Websitewww.volatilityfoundation.org

Volatility is an open-source memory forensics framework for incident response and malware analysis. It is written in Python and supports Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux (as of version 2.5[1]).

Volatility was created by computer scientist and entrepreneur Aaron Walters, drawing on academic research he did in memory forensics.[2][3]

Operating System Support[edit]

Volatility supports investigations of the following memory images:

Windows:

  • 32-bit Windows XP (Service Pack 2 and 3)
  • 32-bit Windows 2003 Server (Service Pack 0, 1, 2)
  • 32-bit Windows Vista (Service Pack 0, 1, 2)
  • 32-bit Windows 2008 Server (Service Pack 1, 2)
  • 32-bit Windows 7 (Service Pack 0, 1)
  • 32-bit Windows 8, 8.1, and 8.1 Update 1
  • 32-bit Windows 10 (initial support)
  • 64-bit Windows XP (Service Pack 1 and 2)
  • 64-bit Windows 2003 Server (Service Pack 1 and 2)
  • 64-bit Windows Vista (Service Pack 0, 1, 2)
  • 64-bit Windows 2008 Server (Service Pack 1 and 2)
  • 64-bit Windows 2008 R2 Server (Service Pack 0 and 1)
  • 64-bit Windows 7 (Service Pack 0 and 1)
  • 64-bit Windows 8, 8.1, and 8.1 Update 1
  • 64-bit Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2
  • 64-bit Windows 10 (including at least 10.0.14393)
  • 64-bit Windows Server 2016 (including at least 10.0.14393.0)

Mac OSX:

  • 32-bit 10.5.x Leopard (the only 64-bit 10.5 is Server, which isn't supported)
  • 32-bit 10.6.x Snow Leopard
  • 32-bit 10.7.x Lion
  • 64-bit 10.6.x Snow Leopard
  • 64-bit 10.7.x Lion
  • 64-bit 10.8.x Mountain Lion
  • 64-bit 10.9.x Mavericks
  • 64-bit 10.10.x Yosemite
  • 64-bit 10.11.x El Capitan
  • 64-bit 10.12.x Sierra

Linux:

  • 32-bit Linux kernels 2.6.11 to 4.2.3
  • 64-bit Linux kernels 2.6.11 to 4.2.3
  • OpenSuSE, Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, Fedora, Mandriva, etc.

Memory Format Support[edit]

Volatility supports a variety of sample file formats and the ability to convert between these formats:

  • Raw/Padded Physical Memory
  • Firewire (IEEE 1394)
  • Expert Witness (EWF)
  • 32- and 64-bit Windows Crash Dump
  • 32- and 64-bit Windows Hibernation (from Windows 7 or earlier)
  • 32- and 64-bit Mach-O files
  • Virtualbox Core Dumps
  • VMware Saved State (.vmss) and Snapshot (.vmsn)
  • HPAK Format (FastDump)
  • QEMU memory dumps
  • LiME format

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.volatilityfoundation.org/#!25/c1f29
  2. ^ Petroni, N. L., Walters, A., Fraser, T., & Arbaugh, W. A. (2006). FATKit: A framework for the extraction and analysis of digital forensic data from volatile system memory. Digital Investigation, 3(4), 197-210.
  3. ^ Walters, A., & Petroni, N. L. (2007). Volatools: Integrating Volatile Memory into the Digital Investigation Process. Black Hat Briefings DC 2007, 1-18.