Wallace Walter Atwood

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Wallace Walter Atwood (1872 – 1949) was an American geographer and geologist.

Wallace Walter Atwood's main contribution was his idea of Global Species Consolidation. He theorized that men follow a set path in their evolution. The first stage is Dispersion, which represents migration from a point of origin. The second stage is Differentiation, which is an adaptation to the physical environment and also the creation of a new culture and language. The third stage is Contact, in which different cultures come into contact for the first time and interact. Warfare and trade change the face of many cultures by forcing them into another language or set of customs. The last stage is Consolidation, which means wide scale political and economic interaction between cultures. This is made possible by free trade agreements and regulatory institutions such as the UN.

Wallace Walter Atwood studied geography at the University of Chicago, where he was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity.[1] He graduated in 1897 and earner his doctorate in 1903, after which he was Associate Professor of Geology at the University of Chicago until 1913. He was professor of Physiography at Harvard from 1913 to 1920. He was elected president of Clark University in 1920 and assumed that position until 1946. As president of Clark University, he ordered in 1922, that the lights be turned off while Scott Nearing was addressing a Liberal Club on socialism on the campus of the University, which won him great renown. On this occasion, he wrote the pamphlet Extra-Curricula activities and academic freedom. He also banned The Nation magazine from the Clark University campus. Walter Wallace Atwood was also president of the international film foundation, whose purpose was to centralize the production and distribution of pedagogical films. He was elected president of the Worcester Economic Club from 1923 to 1924.[2] He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1915.[3] Mount Atwood is named after him. He was President of the National Parks Association from 1929 to 1933.

1872, October 1 Born at Chicago, Illinois
1893-1903 Student, The University of Chicago

(A.B. 1897, Ph.D. 1903)

1900 Married Harriet Towle Bradley 1900-1949 Geologist, U.S. Geological Survey
1902-1913 Instructor to Associate Professor of Geology, The University of Chicago
1913-1920 Professor of Physiography, Harvard University
1920-1946 Professor of Physical and Regional Geography, Director of the Graduate School of Geography, and President, Clark University
1920 Publication of New Geography (Boston: Ginn & Company)
1925 Founded Economic Geography
1929-1933 President, National Parks Association
1932 Publication of Physiography and Quaternary Geology of the San Juan Mountains, Colorado (with Kirtley F. Mather) (Washington: U.S. Geological Survey)
1932-1935 President, Pan American Institute of Geography and History
1933-1934 President, Association of American Geographers
1940 Publication of The Physiographic Provinces of North America (Boston: Ginn & Company)
1945 Publication of The Rocky Mountains (New York: Vanguard Press)
1946 LL.D., Clark University
1946-1949 President Emeritus, Clark University
1949, July 24 Died at Annisquam, Massachusetts. Buried at Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts


  1. ^ Fraternities and Women's Social Clubs Retrieved January 31, 2009.
  2. ^ Retrieved August 29, 2013.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 27, 2011. 


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