't Wapen van Hoorn
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|Name:||'t Wapen van Hoorn|
|Owner:||Dutch East India Company|
|Out of service:||in use by the VOC up to/after 1628|
't Wapen van Hoorn, sometimes referred to as Het Wapen van Hoorn or just Wapen van Hoorn ("Weapon of Hoorn"), was a 17th-century VOC sailing ship. It was a wooden fluyt with a tonnage of between 400 and 600, built in the Dutch Republic in 1619. During its second voyage it grounded on the west coast of Australia, making it about the tenth ship to make landfall on Australian soil, and only the second ship to be shipwrecked in Australian waters, albeit temporarily.
't Wapen van Hoorn made three voyages:
- First voyage
It departed Texel for Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia) on 27 December 1619, under the command of Roelof Pietersz. It arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 5 July 1620, and reached Batavia on 8 December 1620. It then returned to Texel, leaving Batavia on 7 January 1621, and arriving on 17 July 1621.
- Second voyage
It departed Texel for Batavia on 26 December 1621. In June 1622 "at night in a hard wind", the ship ran aground near Shark Bay in what is now Western Australia. It was eventually refloated, and arrived in Batavia on 22 July 1622. It departed Batavia under Captain Pieter Gerritsz. Bierenbroodspot on 25 December 1625. It stayed at the Cape of Good Hope from 21 January to 9 February 1626, reaching Texel on 9 July.
- Third voyage
It departed Texel on 19 February 1627 under the command of David Pieterszoon de Vries. It stayed at the Cape of Good Hope from 16 July to 7 August. In September it made landfall at Shark Bay, noting corrections to Dirk Hartog's chart of the location. It arrived at Batavia on 13 October. It appears to have remained in the Indies from then on.
- Henderson, Graeme (2007), Unfinished voyages : Western Australian shipwrecks, 1622-1850 (2nd ed.), UWA Press, ISBN 978-1-920694-88-3 pages 16 and 17
- Bruijn, J. R; Schöffer, Ivo; Gaastra, F. S (1979), Dutch-Asiatic shipping in the 17th and 18th centuries, Nijhoff, ISBN 978-90-247-2270-9 vol.1, p.181 - noting that Henderson when quoting this item suggests that ballast of 15,600 pounds of bricks may have been discarded to refloat
- "'t Wapen van Hoorn". Western Australian Shipwrecks Database. Department of Maritime Archaeology, Western Australian Museum.
- 't Wapen van Hoorn in the National Shipwreck Database
- Hoorn, Wapen van - 1619 at De VOCsite (Dutch)
- Heeres, J. E. (1899). The Part Borne by the Dutch in the Discovery of Australia. London: Luzac and Co. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-12.
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