|Look up welfare in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Welfare is the provision of a safety net of minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as public aid. In most developed countries welfare is largely provided by the government, and to a lesser extent, charities, informal social groups, religious groups, and inter-governmental organizations.
The term may also refer to:
- Economic welfare or Welfare definition of economics, an attempt by the neoclassical economist Alfred Marshall to expand the field of economic science to a larger study of humanity
- Welfare or economic surplus, the sum of consumer and producer surplus, used by economists as a substitute for utility
- Welfare economics, the microeconomic study of allocative efficiency and associated income distribution
Examples of usage of the term to denote the general well-being of an individual or group of individuals include:
- Animal welfare, the quality of life of animals, and concerns thereabout
Government-run public aid
In the United States, the term "welfare" has developed negative connotations due to its association with dependency, as in the terms:
- Welfare fraud, intentional misuse of welfare programs by providing false information
- Welfare queen, a pejorative term for a person accused of collecting excess welfare payments
- Welfare state, the concept of government's inappropriately playing a key role in individual economic and social well-being
- Corporate welfare, term describing the bestowal of benefits upon corporations by government
- Welfare (1975), a film by Frederick Wiseman
- HMS Welfare, the name of two ships of the Royal Navy, and one planned ship
|This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Welfare.
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