Western Chinese mountain salamander
|Western Chinese mountain salamander|
Batrachuperus cochranae Liu, 1950
The Western Chinese mountain salamander or stream salamander (Batrachuperis pinchonii) is a species of hynobid salamander that is endemic to China. It is found in Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guangxi provinces.
Batrachuperis pinchonii is known in Chinese legend as the White Dragon. During the 16th century, a Chinese author documented its presence at the Omei mountain in the province of Sichuan. He wrote, "the salamanders living in clear water have some larger toes, a yellow coloration with black spots, four feet, a snout that is slightly raised, a graceful body and an amiable air." Moreover, local peasants would entreat it to bring rain during especially dry seasons.
Batrachuperis pinchonii are used for traditional Chinese medicine and for food. Over-collection is now threatening the species.
- Fei Liang; Ye Changyuan (2004). "Batrachuperus pinchonii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Batrachuperus pinchonii (David, 1872)". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Chang, Mangven L. Y. 1936. Contribution à l'étude Morphologique, Biologique et systématique des Amphibiens urodèles de la Chine. Libraire Picart, Paris, 156 p.