White-winged black tit

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White-winged black tit
Melaniparus leucomelas.jpg
Nominate race in Ethiopia
Melaniparus leucomelas insignis, Cuanavale-rivier, Birding Weto Tours, a.jpg
M. l. subsp. insignis in Angola
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Melaniparus
Species: M. leucomelas
Binomial name
Melaniparus leucomelas
(Rüppell, 1840)
Parus leucomelas distribution map.png
Map showing ranges of two races, respectively north and south of equator
Synonyms

Parus leucomelas

The white-winged black tit (Melaniparus leucomelas), also known as the white-winged tit, is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae.

Description[edit]

It is mainly black with a white wing patch, but differs from the more northern white-shouldered tit (Melaniparus guineensis) with which it sometimes considered conspecific in that it has a dark eye.

Range and races[edit]

It is found in central Africa, from Angola in the west to Ethiopia in the east. There are two races:[2]

  • M. l. subsp. leucomelas Rüppell, 1840 – Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan
  • M. l. subsp. insignis Cabanis, 1880 – African equator to southern subtropics

Taxonomy[edit]

The white-winged black tit was formerly one of the many species in the genus Parus but was moved to Melaniparus after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2013 showed that the members of the new genus formed a distinct clade.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Parus leucomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "White-winged Black Tit (Parus leucomelas) - HBW 12, p. 731". Internet Bird Collection. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Johansson, U.S.; Ekman, J.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Halvarsson, P.; Ohlson, J.I.; Price, T.D.; Ericson, P.G.P. (2013). "A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69 (3): 852–860. PMID 23831453. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.019. 
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 

External links[edit]