Willem van de Velde the Younger
|Willem van de Velde the Younger|
Portrait of Van de Velde in 1672 by Lodewijk van der Helst
18 December 1633|
|Died||6 April 1707
|Known for||Marine painting|
A son of Willem van de Velde the Elder, also a painter of sea-pieces, Willem van de Velde, the younger, was instructed by his father, and afterwards by Simon de Vlieger, a marine painter of repute at the time, and had achieved great celebrity by his art before he came to London. By 1673 he had moved to England, where he was engaged by Charles II, at a salary of £100, to aid his father in "taking and making draughts of sea-fights", his part of the work being to reproduce in color the drawings of the elder van de Velde. He was also patronized by the Duke of York and by various members of the nobility.
Most of Van de Velde's finest works represent views off the coast of Holland, with Dutch shipping. His best productions are delicate, spirited and finished in handling, and correct in the drawing of the vessels and their rigging. The numerous figures are tellingly introduced, and the artist is successful in his renderings of sea, whether in calm or storm. The ships are portrayed with almost photographic accuracy, and are the most precise guides available to the appearance of 17th-century ships.
The Battle of Texel, painted 1687
The burning of the Royal James at the Battle of Solebay
HMS St Andrew at sea in a moderate breeze, painted c. 1673
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vandevelde, William". Encyclopædia Britannica 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- 174 Paintings by Willem van de Velde the Younger at the Art UK site
- National Maritime Museum portal for their van de Velde drawings on line one of the largest collections, 1500 items of which 837 are illustrated.
- Dutch and Flemish paintings from the Hermitage, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Willem van de Velde the Younger(cat. no. 32)
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