William Barrett (antiquarian)
William Barrett, 1764 portrait by Jan van Rymsdyk
William Barrett (1733–1789) was an English surgeon and antiquary.
He was born early in 1733 at Notton, Wiltshire. He passed his examination as a surgeon on 19 February 1755, and settled in Bristol in practice of his profession. On 9 November 1775 he became a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. On 13 October 1789 he died at Higham, Somerset.
His History and Antiquities of Bristol was announced early: an engraving of him, by William Walker, from a portrait by Jan van Rymsdyk, ‘ætatis 31’ (i.e. in 1764), was issued 25 years before the book itself was printed. and he is there described as ‘William Barrett, Surgeon and Author of the "History and Antiquities of Bristol."’ In his research, though acquaintances of his such as Catcott and Burgum, the pewterers, he met Thomas Chatterton the forger. He accepted all the youth's statements, and Chatterton produced many documents for him. In 1788, he put out his proposals for the publication of his History by subscription. Many of Chatterton's fabrications did make their way into his History (1789) when it finally came out long after the forger had died, damaging Barrett's reputation severely.
- The full title of the work was ‘The History and Antiquities of the City of Bristol, compiled from original records and authentic manuscripts, in public offices or private hands; illustrated with copper plate prints. By William Barrett, surgeon, F.S.A.,’ Bristol, 1789, pp. xix, 704.
- "Glynn, Robert". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Barrett, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Bettey, J. H. "Barrett, William (1727?–1789)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1528. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)