William F. Meggers Award in Spectroscopy

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The William F. Meggers Award has been awarded annually since 1970 by the Optical Society (originally called the Optical Society of America) for outstanding contributions to spectroscopy.[1]

Recipients[edit]

Year Winner Citation
2018 Warren S. Warren For pioneering contributions in the fundamental science of optical and spin coherence and their synergistic applications in optical spectroscopy/microscopy and magnetic resonance spectroscopy/imaging.
2017 Shaul Mukamel For developing the theoretical framework of coherent multidimensional spectroscopy for electronic excitations in the optical regime and proposing extensions to the x-ray spectral regime.
2016 Brooks H. Pate

For the invention of the chirped-pulse Fourier transform microwave technique, which revolutionized rotational spectroscopy, leading to an explosion of novel spectroscopic, astrochemical, analytical, dynamical, and chemical kinetics applications.

2015 Paul Julienne [de] For seminal contributions to precision photoassociation and magnetic-Feshbach spectroscopy of ultracold atoms, and the application of these techniques to the formation of cold polar molecules.
2014 François Biraben [Wikidata][2] For outstanding achievements in high resolution atomic spectroscopy and metrology of fundamental constants, leading to far-reaching tests of quantum electrodynamics.
2013 Louis F. DiMauro For contributions to precision measurements of nonsequential double ionization, exploration of strong field interaction scaling properties from mid-infrared to X-ray and innovative experiments of time-resolved.
2012 Xi-Cheng Zhang[3] For exceptional contributions to coherent generation and detection of ultra-broadband Terahertz waves for far-infrared spectroscopy.
2011 Steven T. Cundiff [Wikidata][4] For contributions to the field of ultrafast spectroscopy of semiconductors, including multidimensional Fourier transform techniques, and for contributions to the development of femtosecond frequency comb technology.
2010 Frédéric Merkt [de][5] For ground-breaking work on the ultra high resolution spectroscopy of Rydberg states of atoms and molecules, and for the refinement of high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy and its application to the determination of the structural and dynamical properties of molecular cations.
2009 Leo Hollberg [Wikidata] For seminal contributions to the development of diode lasers as powerful spectroscopic tools, development of femtosecond combs, and demonstration of unique quantum effects in the interaction between light and atoms.
2008 Michael S. Feld[6] For major contributions to the foundations of laser spectroscopy, and for pioneering developments in the application of spectroscopy to biomedicine.
2007 Pierre Agostini [Wikidata][7] For leadership in the development of innovative experiments providing major insights into the dynamics of the non-linear response of atoms and molecules submitted to strong infrared laser pulses.
2006 Jun Ye[8] For development of innovative spectroscopic techniques based on femtosecond optical frequency combs.
2005 Daniel M. Neumark For pioneering contributions to the molecular spectroscopy of transient species, including transition state spectroscopy by photo-detachment, the development of anion zero-electron-kinetic-energy spectroscopy and time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy.
2004 Brian John Orr [Wikidata] For advancing molecular spectroscopy by experiment and theory on infrared- and Raman-ultraviolet double resonance, coherent Raman spectroscopy, cavity ringdown spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, nonlinear optics, and tunable coherent light sources.
2003 Daniel R. Grischkowsky [de][9] For seminal contributions to the development and application of Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.
2002 James C. Bergquist [de][10] For seminal contributions to high-resolution, high accuracy laser spectroscopy with applications to fundamental metrology and clocks.
2001 Frank De Lucia [Wikidata] For pioneering work in the development of the submillimeter-wave region of the electromagnetic spectrum and its application to scientific problems in physics, chemistry, and astronomy.
2000 Roger E. Miller [Wikidata] For his work in the development and use of high resolution infrared spectroscopy in the study of loosely bonded clusters in the gas-phase as well as in liquid helium droplets.
1999 David J. Nesbitt [Wikidata][11] For his experimental and theoretical contributions to the understanding of the molecular structure and dynamics of weakly bound molecules through the use of high-resolution infrared laser spectroscopy.
1998 William C. Stwalley [Wikidata][12] For his important contributions to the theory of long-range molecular states, the spectroscopy of alkali-dimer and alkali-hydride diatomic molecules, and the theory of the stability of spin-polarized hydrogen. Recognition is also given to his leadership and teaching in the field of laser science and a lifetime of professional services to the scientific community.
1997 Takeshi Oka For his contributions to experimental and theoretical high resolution molecular spectroscopy. As one example, his work on H3+ has revolutionized the field of infrared spectroscopy of molecular ions, but the breadth and quality of his work is such that all aspects of his distinguished career spanning 40 years have had a significant impact in the fields of chemistry, physics, and astrophysics.
1996 Robert W. Field[13] For his invention of powerful high resolution spectroscopic methods, including stimulated emission pumping, which have found widespread application. These methods, combined with his definitive studies of perturbations in diatomic molecular spectra, have changed the way we think about molecular complexity.
1995 Robert N. Compton [Wikidata] For seminal contributions to the understanding of the nature of atomic and molecular negative ions (especially doubly-charged anions) and to the field of multiphoton excitation processes in the gas phase.
1994 Steven Chu For pioneering work in manipulation, cooling, and trapping of neutral particles by laser light, and for the first optical spectroscopy of the short-lived laptonicatoms, positronium and muonium.
1993 Terry A. Miller [Wikidata] For the development of high resolution spectroscopy of molecular ions and radicals and the insightful interpretation of the resulting spectra.
1992 Joseph Reader [Wikidata] For his outstanding research on complex atomic spectra and spectra of highly ionized atoms.
1991 Daniel Kleppner Wolf Prize in Physics (2005) For his outstanding contributions to spectroscopy, including development of the hydrogen maser, spectroscopy of Rydberg states, and analysis of the interaction of atoms with electromagnetic fields.
1990 David J. Wineland Nobel Prize in Physics (2012) For his conception of novel, high sensitivity, high accuracy, spectroscopic techniques, their realization, and their application to fundamental measurements.
1989 Ugo Fano For his novel analyses of spectroscopic phenomena in the framework of collision dynamics.
1988 W. Carl Lineberger [de][14] For contributions to the basic chemistry, spectroscopy, and physics of atomic and molecular negative ion spectroscopy.
1987 Hans R. Griem [de][15] For outstanding contributions to atomic spectroscopy, especially its application to the understanding of the physics of plasmas.
1986 Alexander Dalgarno For contributions to atomic and molecular spectroscopy, particularly in the analysis of problems of astrophysical interest.
1985 Theodor W. Hänsch King Faisal International Prize in Science (1989)Nobel Prize in Physics (2005) For his discoveries of powerful techniques for high-resolution laser spectroscopy, and their application to fundamental problems of physics, particularly through precision measurements on atomic hydrogen.
1984 Robert D. Cowan [Wikidata] For his world-recognized contributions to the theory of atomic structure and spectra.
1983 William Clyde Martin Jr. For his outstanding contributions to the understanding of the spectra of complex atoms and ions.
1982 George W. Series [Wikidata] In recognition of both his theoretical and experimental contributions to a better understanding of the interaction of radiation with atoms, especially for his contributions to the development of the method of quantum-beat spectroscopy.
1981 Boris P. Stoicheff[16] In recognition of his innovative use of lasers in spectroscopy, particularly his studies of stimulated and inverse Raman and Brillouin scattering and of highly excited atomic states.
1980 John G. Conway [Wikidata] In recognition of his leadership in the measurement and analysis of actinide crystal and atomic spectroscopy.
1978 Robert P. Madden
1977 Mark S. Fred [Wikidata]
1977 Frank S. Tomkins [Wikidata]
1976 W. R. S. Garton [Wikidata] In recognition of his contributions to atomic spectroscopy, particularly his studies of autoionization, diamagnetic Zeeman effects, and absorption of high Rydberg-series members.)
1975 Jean Blaise (scientist) [Wikidata]
1975 Emmett N. Leith
1974 Harry Lambert Welsh [Wikidata]
1973 Curtis J. Humphreys
1972 Charlotte Moore Sitterly[17]
1971 Allen G. Shenstone
1970 George R. Harrison

Source: [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "William F. Meggers Award". Optical Society of America. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  2. ^ "Optical Society Announces Awards for 2014 – New York Photonics". New York Photonics – Rochester Regional Photonics Cluster. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  3. ^ Cogan, Sarah (2 April 2012). "The Optical Society Announces 18 Awards for 2012". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. doi:10.1063/pt.4.0408. ISSN 1945-0699.
  4. ^ Ost, Laura (12 April 2011). "NIST/JILA Physicist Wins Optical Society's Meggers Award". NIST. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  5. ^ "OSA Announces 2010 Awards". Photonics.com. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Feld wins major spectroscopy award". MIT News. 31 August 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  7. ^ "OSA names recipients of awards, medals". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 60 (7): 75–76. 2007. doi:10.1063/1.2761812. ISSN 0031-9228.
  8. ^ "OSA hands out awards, medals". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 59 (11): 72–73. 2006. doi:10.1063/1.2435655. ISSN 0031-9228.
  9. ^ "Grischkowsky, Daniel". Home - Oklahoma State University Library. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  10. ^ "James Bergquist". American Physical Society. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  11. ^ "OSA Recognizes Contributions to Optics". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 52 (7): 68. 1999. doi:10.1063/1.2802804. ISSN 0031-9228.
  12. ^ "Optical Society of America Announces Awards for 1998". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 51 (6): 88. 1998. doi:10.1063/1.2805864. ISSN 0031-9228.
  13. ^ "Awards and Honors of Robert W. Field". The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. American Chemical Society (ACS). 113 (47): 13064–13064. 26 November 2009. doi:10.1021/jp9093194. ISSN 1089-5639.
  14. ^ "OSA Awards Mark Achievements in Many Facets of Optical Science". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 42 (7): 85. 1989. doi:10.1063/1.2811098. ISSN 0031-9228.
  15. ^ "OSA Awards Mark Achievements in Many Facets of Optical Science". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 42 (7): 86. 1989. doi:10.1063/1.2811099. ISSN 0031-9228.
  16. ^ "Meggers, William F., 1981 Award, Boris P. Stoicheff". Appl. Opt. 20: a125. 1981.
  17. ^ Oakes, Elizabeth H. (2007). Encyclopedia of World Scientists. Infobase Publishing. p. 675. ISBN 9781438118826.