World Trade Center Colombo
|World Trade Center|
ලෝක වෙළෙඳ මධ්යස්ථානය
உலக வர்த்தக மையம்
|Location||Colombo, Sri Lanka|
|Construction started||September 1992|
|Opening||12 October 1997|
|Cost||US$ 130 million (1996)|
|Owner||Overseas Realty Ceylon PLC|
|Management||Overseas Realty Ceylon PLC|
|Roof||152 m (499 ft)|
|Floor area||70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect(s)||Anthony NG Architects|
|Developer||Overseas Realty Ceylon PLC|
|Main contractor||Turner Steiner East Asia Ltd|
The World Trade Center (also known as WTC Colombo or WTCC) (Sinhala: ලෝක වෙළෙඳ මධ්යස්ථානය, romanized: Lōka Veḷen̆da Madhyasthānaya; Tamil: உலக வர்த்தக மையம், romanized: Ulaka Varttaka Maiyam) is a 152-metre-tall (499 ft) twin building in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The 39-storey towers are built over a 4-storey retail podium, and thus each tower has a total floor count of 43. WTCC is owned and managed by Overseas Realty Ceylon PLC (ORCPLC).
The WTCC was the vision of Singaporean, Shing Pee Tao, the founder of Shing Kwan Group, a commodities, shipping and real estate company. Tao acquired ORCPLC, a listed company on the Colombo Stock Exchange, which owned the undeveloped site at Echelon Square, Colombo. Formal planning approval was granted in January 1992 and groundbreaking took place in September.
The building was constructed using pre-fabricated pre-cast concrete panels for the outer walls, columns and beam structures. The panels were bolted to each other and to the concrete floor to become poise facade of the building. Loads were also designed to be carried by a column-beam structure and the core walls were the lifts, toilets and fire staircase located in the centre of the building.
The WTCC was officially opened on 12 October 1997 by President Chandrika Kumaratunga. On Wednesday, 15 October (three days after the opening), the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) detonated a truck laden with explosives in the adjoining hotel car park, causing significant damage to the side of the western tower. The structure however remained intact due to its construction using cellate high-strength precast panels. The attack was modelled on the 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York. The WTCC was specifically targeted by the LTTE as it was the country's tallest building and the symbolic centre of its economy. A full restoration of the building was completed in approximately six months and the building was re-commissioned in June 1998.
Current tenants include the Colombo Stock Exchange, Securities Exchange Commission, Asian Broadcasting Corporation (Hiru TV and various radio stations including GOLD FM) and the Board of Investment of Sri Lanka.
- List of twin buildings and structures
- List of world trade centers
- 1997 Colombo World Trade Centre bombing
- "World Trade Center". ORCL.lk. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "World Trade Center". Emporis. Archived from the original on 2 April 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Fascinating insights on S.P.Tao's entry to SL". The Island. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- "World Trade Centre turns 15". Daily FT. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
- Chalk, Peter (2013). Encyclopedia of Terrorism: Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 168-169. ISBN 9780313308956.
- Cooper, Kenneth J. (1 February 1996). "Bomb kills 60 in Sri Lanka's Capital". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
- Smith, Paul J. (2015). The Terrorism Ahead: Confronting Transnational Violence in the Twenty-First Century. Routledge. p. 17. ISBN 9781317454281.