Xanthocillin X, Ophthocillin
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image|
|Molar mass||288.31 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||200 °C (392 °F; 473 K) (decomposes)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Xantocillin (INN), also known as xanthocillin X or ophthocillin, was the first reported natural product found to contain the isocyanide functional group. It was first isolated from Penicillium notatum by Rothe in 1950 and subsequently from several other sources.
- W. ROTHE (1950). "Vorläufige Mitteilung über eine neues Antibiotikum". Pharmazie. 5: 190.
- Paul J. Scheuer (1992). "Isocyanides and cyanides as natural products". Accounts of Chemical Research. 25 (10): 433–439. doi:10.1021/ar00022a001.
- Kozlovskiĭ AG, Zhelifonova VP, Antipova TV, Adanin VM, Novikova ND, Deshevaia EA, et al. (2004). "[Penicillium expansum, a resident fungal strain of the orbital complex Mir, producing xanthocillin X and questiomycin A].". Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 40 (3): 344–9. PMID 15283339.
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