Yellow tit

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Yellow tit
Parus holsti.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Machlolophus
Species: M. holsti
Binomial name
Machlolophus holsti
(Seebohm, 1894)
Synonyms[2]

Parus holsti

The yellow tit or Formosan yellow tit[2] (Machlolophus holsti) is a species of bird in the family Paridae. It is endemic to central Taiwan.

Its natural habitat is montane temperate forest.

It has a restricted range and small population, and appears to be declining due to large-scale capture for export by the wild bird trade, so it is classed as Near Threatened by the IUCN.

The yellow tit was formerly one of the many species in the genus Parus but was moved to Machlolophus after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2013 showed that the members of the new genus formed a distinct clade.[3][4]

Its length is 13 cm. The yellow tit is mostly yellow, with a crest. The crest and back are blackish blue-grey.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Parus holsti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Parus holsti". Avibase. 
  3. ^ Johansson, U.S.; Ekman, J.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Halvarsson, P.; Ohlson, J.I.; Price, T.D.; Ericson, P.G.P. (2013). "A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69 (3): 852–860. PMID 23831453. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.019. 
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Brazil, Mark (2009). Birds of East Asia. A&C Black. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-7136-7040-0.