Young-Burgess classification

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The Young-Burgess classification is a system of categorizing pelvic fractures based on fracture pattern, allowing judgment on the stability of the pelvic ring.[1]


Type Anterior Posterior Compression Lateral Compression Vertical Shear
I APC I - Symphysis widening < 2.5 cm LC I - Compression fractures of the pubic rami (superior pubic ramus and inferior pubic ramus) and ipsilateral anterior sacral ala VS - Posterior and superior directed force
II APC II - Symphysis widening > 2.5 cm. Anterior SI joint diastasis. Disruption of sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments LC II - Rami fracture and ipsilateral posterior ilium fracture dislocation
III APC III - SI dislocation with associated vascular injury LC III - Ipsilateral lateral compression and contralateral APC

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Burgess AR, Eastridge BJ, Young JW, Ellison TS, Ellison PS Jr, Poka A, Bathon GH, Brumback RJ (1990). "Pelvic ring disruptions: effective classification system and treatment protocols". J Trauma. 30 (7): 848–56. doi:10.1097/00005373-199007000-00015. PMID 2381002.