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For places in Iran, see Zindan, Iran and Zendan.
Prisoners in a zindan, probably in the Emirate of Bukhara under Imperial Russia. Early color photograph by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, ca. 1910

A Zindan (from the Persian: زندان, zindân — "prison"[1]) is a traditional Central Asian prison. In the eastern Khanate, the prisons were typically underground.[2]


  1. ^ Hobley, C. W. (1920)
  2. ^ Donald, D. (1996)


  • Hobley, C. W. (1920) "The Tana River". The Geographical Journal, Vol. 56, No. 4 (Oct., 1920), pp. 297-305
  • Donald, D. (1996) Barry Politics and Justice in Russia: major trials of the post-Stalin era (M.E. Sharpe) ISBN 1-56324-344-X