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Kingdom of Aksum
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Preceded by
King of Axum Succeeded by

Zoskales (c. 100 CE) was an ancient King in the Horn of Africa. His realm included the ancient city of Adulis.


The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions Zoskales as the ruler of the port of Adulis in Eritrea.[1]

At least as early as Henry Salt, some scholars, including Sergew Hable Sellassie and Y. M. Kobishchanov,[2] have identified him with Za Haqala, who is listed in the King Lists of the Kingdom of Aksum as having ruled for 13 years, and who ruled between Za Zalis and Za Dembalé.[3] G.W.B. Huntingford points out, on the other hand, that there is not enough information to be certain of this identification. He argues instead that Zoskales was a petty king whose power was limited to only Adulis.[4]


  1. ^ Schoff, Wilfred Harvey (1912). The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Travel and Trade in the Indian Ocean by a Merchant of the First Century. London, Bombay & Calcutta. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Axum (University Park: 1979), pp. 54-5
  3. ^ Salt, A Voyage to Abyssinia (Philadelphia, 1816), p. 358
  4. ^ Quoted in Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia (New York: Palgrave, 2000), p. 18