Moncef El Materi
Moncef El Materi (born 20 November 1934) is a Tunisian businessman and former commanding officer of the artillery of Tunisia. He established Al Adwya, one of Tunisia’s biggest private pharmaceutical companies, with his brother Tahar El Materi in the 1970s.
El Materi was born on 20 November 1934, in Tunis to a wealthy Tunisian bourgeoisie family of Turkish descent; his ancestor, Mohamed Stankouli, was born on the island of Kos, and was a Turkish officer who settled in Tunis at the end of the seventeenth century to defend Turkish interests. In 1930, his mother, Nefissa Ben Cheikh Ahmed (1911-1996), married his father, Hafiz El Materi (1890-1975), who was a young widower with three children (Fatma, Khiareddine, and Slim). Nefissa Hafiz gave four children: Hayet (born 1931), Tahar (born 1932), Moncef (born in 1934) and Sinda (born in 1947). His paternal uncle, Mahmoud El Materi, was a co-founder of Neo-Destour.
El Materi studied at the Sadiki College between 1952-1953. However, he was expelled from all schools in Tunisia for demonstrating against the French occupation in 1953. He continued his studies in France to obtain his Bachelor in Nîmes. Between 1956-1958, he continued his studies at Ecole Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr and from 1958 to 1959 went to the school of artillery and radar at Chalons-sur-Marne. In December, 1962, following his participation in the coup against President Habib Bourguiba, El Materi was arrested and sentenced to death on 18 January 1963. However, on 24 January, 1963, his sentence was commuted to penal servitude for life by President Bourguiba. In June 1973, after 11 years of imprisonment, he was finally pardoned. From 1973 to 1987, he was a feared opponent by Bourguiba; the regime imposed drastic limitations on his travel outside Tunis and confiscated his passport several times, thus preventing him from traveling abroad. After leaving the Tunisian army in 1973, he devoted himself to the creation of several commercial and industrial enterprises. He is currently a shareholder in equal shares with his brother, Tahar El Materi, the pharmaceutical company Al Adwya, which was founded in 1984.
El matri is married to Naima El Ati Boutiba who is also of Turkish descent. He has four children: Beya (born in 1976), Hafiz (born in 1977), Holya (born in 1979) and Mohamed (born in 1981). In 2005, his youngest child, Mohamed El Materi, married the daughter of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
- The North African Journal. "Tunisian People Fixated on Sakhr El Materi, Imad Trabelsi and First Lady Leila Ben Ali". Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- Moncef el Materi. "Présentation de Moncef El Materi". Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- Moncef el Materi. "Mon père Hafiz El Materi". Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- Moncef el Materi. "Ma mère Nefissa El Materi". Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- Moncef el Materi. "Ma femme Naima Boutiba El Ati El Materi". Retrieved 2013-03-27.
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