Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate
Almirante Juan de Borbón
|Builders:||NAVANTIA-IZAR, Astillero Ferrol|
|Preceded by:||Santa María-class frigate|
|Subclasses:||Fridtjof Nansen class frigate
Hobart class destroyer
F101/4 €453m (~US$600m) eachF105 €834m (~US$1.1bn)
|Active:||Álvaro de Bazán
Almirante Juan de Borbón
Blas de Lezo
|Type:||Guided missile frigate|
|Length:||146.7 m (481 ft)|
|Beam:||18.6 m (61 ft)|
|Draft:||4.75 m (15.6 ft)|
2 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbines
2 × Caterpillar 3600 diesel engines
|Speed:||28.5 knots (52.8 km/h; 32.8 mph)|
|Range:||4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Complement:||250 (48 officers)|
|Lockheed Martin AN/SPY-1D 3-D multifunction radar
Raytheon SPS-67(V)4 surface search radar
Raytheon DE1160 LF active and passive sonar
2 × ARIES navigation/surface radar
2 × Raytheon SPG-62 Mk99 radar illuminator
|4 × FMC SRBOC Mk36 flare launchers
SLQ-25A Enhanced Nixie torpedo countermeasures
Indra SLQ-380 EW suite
Indra Mk 9500 interceptor
|Armament:||1 × 5-inch/54 Mk45 Mod 2 gun
Provision for one CIWS FABA 20mm/120 Meroka system.
1 × 48 cell Mk 41 vertical launch systems
32 × Standard SM-2MR Block IIIA
64 × RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile
8 × McDonnell Douglas RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missile
4 × 324 mm Mk32 Mod 9 double Torpedo launchers with 12 Honeywell Mk46 mod 5 Torpedo
|Aircraft carried:||1 × Sikorsky SH-60B LAMPS III Seahawk|
The Álvaro de Bazán class (also known as the F100 class of frigates) are a new class of Aegis combat system-equipped air defence frigates entering service with the Spanish Navy. They are being built in the Spanish factory of Navantia in Ferrol and are named after Admiral Álvaro de Bazán.
The ships are fitted with American Aegis weapons technology allowing them to track hundreds of airborne targets simultaneously as part of its air defence network. The F100 Álvaro de Bazán class multi-role frigate is one of the few non-US warships to carry the Aegis Combat System and its associated AN/SPY-1 radar. Japan's Kongo-class, South Korea's King Sejong the Great-class, the F100-derived Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen-class of frigates also use the Aegis system. Lockheed Martin, Navantia and the U.S. Navy are conducting final systems integration.
The F105 will be the basis of the Australian Hobart-class destroyer (previously known as the "Air Warfare Destroyer"). The Australian government announced in June 2007 that, in partnership with Navantia, three F100 vessels will be built for the Royal Australian Navy with the first due for delivery in 2014.
The Álvaro de Bazán-class frigates are the first modern vessels of the Spanish Navy to incorporate ballistic resistant steel in the hull, along with the power plants being mounted on anti-vibration mounts to reduce noise and make them less detectable by submarines. The original contract for four ships was worth €1,683m but they ended up costing €1,810m. As of 2010[update] it was estimated that the final vessel, F-105 would cost €834m (~US$1.1bn).
|Pennant number||Name||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Fate|
|F101||Álvaro de Bazán||2002||In service|
|F102||Almirante Juan de Borbón||October 2001||28 February 2002||3 December 2003||In service|
|F103||Blas de Lezo||2004||In service|
|F104||Méndez Núñez||2006||In service|
|F105||Roger de Lauria||Cancelled|
|F105||Cristóbal Colón||2012||In service|
|F106||Juan de Austria||Cancelled|
6 ships were originally planned, including Roger de Lauria (F105) and Juan de Austria (F106). These were cancelled but a fifth ship was later added as the F105 Cristóbal Colón.
- Ferrol, city and naval station in north-western Spain.
- FREMM multipurpose frigate
- Hobart-class destroyer
- De Zeven Provinciën-class frigate
- Iver Huitfeldt-class frigate, Denmark
- Sachsen-class frigate
- Ministerio de Defensa (September 2011). "Evaluación de los Programas Especiales de Armamento (PEAs)" (PDF) (in Spanish). Madrid: Grupo Atenea. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Álvaro de Bazán Class.|
- Armada Española
- Spanish Navy page on Andrew Toppan's Haze Gray and Underway
- See Armada Española Photos
- Spanish Ship Joins TR Strike Group
- Spain: Frigate not involved in combat
- Navy unveils $11b warship contract, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, accessed 20 June 2007.