Naval Strike Missile

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Naval Strike Missile
NSM PICT0001.JPG
Type littoral/open sea anti-ship/land attack cruise missile
Place of origin Norway
Service history
In service Since 2012[1]
Used by Norway
Poland
Production history
Manufacturer Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace
Specifications
Weight 410 kg
Length 3.95 m
Warhead 125 kg HE blast-fragmentation
Detonation
mechanism
Programmable fuze

Engine Solid fuel rocket booster, Microturbo TRI-40 turbojet
Operational
range
NSM 185+ km
JSM 290+ km
Flight altitude Sea skimming
Speed High subsonic
Guidance
system
Inertial, GPS, terrain-reference navigation, imaging infrared homing, target database
Launch
platform
Naval ships, land-based vehicles

The Naval Strike Missile (NSM) is an anti-ship and land-attack missile developed by the Norwegian company Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA).

The original Norwegian name was Nytt sjømålsmissil (literally New sea target missile, indicating that it is the successor of the Penguin missile); the English marketing name Naval Strike Missile was adopted later.

Development[edit]

Polish Navy's NSM Coastal Defense System launcher and three-dimensional radar TRS-15M Odra in the background.

The Naval Strike Missile's initial serial production contract was signed in June 2007.[2] It has been chosen by the Royal Norwegian Navy for its new Fridtjof Nansen class frigates and Skjold class patrol boats. In December 2008 the NSM was selected by the Polish Navy, which ordered total 50 land-based missiles (including 2 for testing) under deals from 2008 and 2011, with delivery planned for 2013-2016.[3][4][5]

The final milestone was completed in June 2011 with tests at Point Mugu.[6] On 12 April 2011, the Norwegian Ministry of Defense announced phase 2 of development.[7]

On Wednesday, October 10, 2012, the Royal Norwegian Navy marked history by firing an NSM anti-ship missile for the first time. The vessel in question was the HNoMS Glimt, Skjold class patrol boat.[8]

On Wednesday, June 5, 2013, the Royal Norwegian Navy for the first time test fired an NSM missile carrying a live warhead against a target vessel. The decommissioned Oslo class frigate HNoMS Trondheim was hit and the weapon functioned as intended.[9][10]

In June 2013 Poland completed the Coastal Missile Division equipped for the beginning with 12 NSM and 23 vehicles on Jelcz chassis (inc. six launchers, two TRS-15C radars, six fire control and three command vehicles).[11] Ultimately, the Coastal Missile Division will be equipped with 48 missiles and six launchers. It is believed, Poland is going to establish second missile division in near future.

In late July 2014, the U.S. Navy confirmed that the NSM would be tested aboard the USS Coronado (LCS-4) Littoral Combat Ship. Although there is no requirement for a missile of the type for the ship classes, the Navy will evaluate its capabilities to see if it can expand the LCS' anti-surface warfare role. The test will occur in September 2014.[12]

During RIMPAC 2014 the frigate Fridtjof Nansen made a successful firing of the NSM during a SINKEX, with the missile impacting and detonating as designed. [13]

Design and features[edit]

The state-of-the-art design and use of composite materials is meant to give the missile sophisticated stealth capabilities. The missile will weigh slightly more than 400 kg (880 lb) and have a range of at least 185 km (100 nm). NSM is designed for littoral waters ("brown water") as well as for open sea ("green and blue water") scenarios.

Like its Penguin predecessor, NSM is able to fly over and around landmasses, travel in sea skim mode, and then make random manoeuvres in the terminal phase, making it harder to stop by enemy countermeasures. While the Penguin is a yaw-to-turn missile, NSM is based on bank-to-turn flight (see Yaw (flight) and flight control).

The target selection technology provides NSM with a capacity for independent detection, recognition, and discrimination of targets at sea or on the coast. This is possible by the combination of an imaging infrared (IIR) seeker and an onboard target database. NSM is able to navigate by GPS, inertial and terrain reference systems.

After being launched into the air by a solid rocket booster which is jettisoned upon burning out, the missile is propelled to its target in high subsonic speed by a turbojet sustainer engine—leaving the 125 kg multi-purpose blast/fragmentation warhead to do its work, which in case of a ship target means impacting the ship at or near the water line.

Joint Strike Missile[edit]

A multi-role version of the NSM is in development. This missile is called Joint Strike Missile (JSM) and will feature an option for ground strike and a two-way communications line, so that the missile can communicate with the central control room or other missiles in the air. This missile will be integrated with the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II "Joint Strike Fighter". Studies have shown that the F-35 would be able to carry two of these in its internal bays, while additional missiles could be carried externally.

Joint Strike Missile mockup, at the 2009 Rygge Airshow

According to Kongsberg, this "multi-role NSM" is the only powered anti-ship missile that will fit inside the F-35's internal bays.[14] Lockheed Martin and Kongsberg have signed a joint-marketing agreement for this air-launched version of the NSM, as well as an agreement committing both parties to integrating the JSM on the F-35 platform.[15][16] The project is funded by Norway and Australia.[17] Kongsberg signed a contract for the first phase of development of the JSM in April, 2009, which is scheduled for completion within 18 months.[18]

Improved features for the Joint Strike Missile include:

  • Shape changed to fit in F-35 internal bay.[19]
  • Ability to attack sea and land based targets
  • Aerial launch platform (F-35)
  • Improved range over NSM to 280 km [20]
  • Long-term, production start in 2013

The JSM will have multicore computers running Integrity real-time operating system from Green Hills Software.[21]

Kongsberg is studying methods to deploy the JSM from Norway's submarines.[22]

On 15 July 2014, Kongsberg and Raytheon announced that they had formed a teaming agreement to offer the JSM to the United States Navy for their Offensive Anti-Surface Warfare (OASuW) requirement.[23] Raytheon will produce JSMs for the America market.[24]

Australia expressed interest in buying the JSM in June 2014 to equip their F-35 fighters. The missile has also been pitched to South Korea and Japan, and Kongsberg is expected to attempt to make sales to other countries that have ordered the F-35A. The JSM is expected to become fully operational in 2025.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NAVAL STRIKE MISSILE - Dette er Norges nye storselger – Teknisk Ukeblad, 11 June 2012
  2. ^ Contract for serial production of the new Naval Strike Missile – KDA press release, 29 June 2007
  3. ^ Altair.pl article, 28 December 2011 - (Polish)
  4. ^ Gazeta Wyborcza article, 23 December 2008 - (Polish)
  5. ^ Jane's: Poland order NSM missile (January 2009)
  6. ^ http://www.defense-aerospace.com//naval-strike-missile-completes-final-milestone.html
  7. ^ "Development stage two, Joint Strike Missile." Regjeringen.no, 4 December 2011. Retrieved: 3 April 2012.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ http://www.dagbladet.no/2013/06/05/nyheter/forsvaret/innenriks/27535281/
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Ukompletowanie NDR. altair.com.pl (Polish)
  12. ^ LCS to conduct test of Norwegian missile - Militarytimes.com, 24 July 2014
  13. ^ http://www.military.com/video/logistics-and-supplies/naval-equipment/missiles-sink-two-retired-navy-ships/3692901894001/
  14. ^ Lager Joint Strike Missile (Norwegian)Lars Magne Sunnanå, E24 Næringsliv, 31 January 2007
  15. ^ Joint marketing agreement – KDA press release, 31 January 2007
  16. ^ Cooperative agreement with Lockheed Martin – KDA press release, 9 June 2009
  17. ^ Norway pushes naval strike missile for JSF – Jane's Defence Weekly, 20 July 2005
  18. ^ Development contract for the Joint Strike Missile – KDA press release, 27 April 2009
  19. ^ "Norway pushes for further assurances over JSM integration on F-35."
  20. ^ http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/AW_06_25_2012_p32-469614.xml
  21. ^ Kongsberg selects Integrity for missile programme
  22. ^ "Kongsberg studies JSM for submarine launch."
  23. ^ Raytheon and Kongsberg team to provide air-launched Offensive Anti-Surface Warfare solutions - Marketwatch.com, 15 July 2014
  24. ^ CHUTER, ANDREW (15 July 2014). "Raytheon To Produce US Variant of Kongsberg's JSM". www.defensenews.com (Gannett Government Media). Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  25. ^ Norway’s Joint Strike Missile Tempts Aussies; Raytheon Likes It Too - Breakingdefense.com, 16 July 2014

External links[edit]