Östen Undén

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Östen Undén
Östen Undén - Sveriges styresmän.jpg
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
31 July 1945 – 19 September 1961
(16 years, 50 days)
Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson
Tage Erlander
Preceded by Christian Günther
Succeeded by Torsten Nilsson
In office
18 October 1924 – 7 June 1926
(1 year, 232 days)
Prime Minister Hjalmar Branting
Rickard Sandler
Preceded by Erik Marks von Würtemberg
Succeeded by Eliel Löfgren
Prime Minister of Sweden
Acting
In office
6 October 1946 – 11 October 1946
(0 years, 5 days)
Monarch Gustav V
Preceded by Per Albin Hansson
Succeeded by Tage Erlander
Personal details
Born (1886-08-25)25 August 1886
Karlstad, Värmland County
Died 14 January 1974(1974-01-14) (aged 87)
Bromma, Stockholm County
Political party Social Democrats

Bo Östen Undén (Karlstad 25 August 1886 – Stockholm 14 January 1974), J.D., was a Swedish academic, civil servant and Social Democratic politician and acting Prime Minister of Sweden 6 October 1946 – 11 October 1946 following the death of Per Albin Hansson. In 1917, he was appointed professor and head of the department of civil law at Uppsala University, but he came to divide his career between politics and academia, which prompted his resignation from the position as rector magnificus (1929–1932) of that university. He served as the foreign ministry's expert on international law, as Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden 1924–1926 and 1945–1962, minister without portfolio 1917–1920 and 1932–1936, the government's chancellor for universities 1937–1951, and he chaired the parliament's committee on foreign relations during World War II.

Östen Undén was much respected, particularly within the Social Democratic Party, but was never uncontroversial. He belonged, together with Ernst Wigforss, clearly to the left-wing faction of the Social Democrats, and has in retrospect been criticized for a much too rosy view of the Soviet Union that remained for all of his time as Foreign Minister, well on to 1962 .

At the same time, Undén must be acknowledged as a chief representative for Sweden's covert Cold War adaptation to the United States, as in his view Swedish governmental agencies, including the Defence Forces, were free to conclude any agreements with foreign powers and agencies that didn't literally contradict international treaties Sweden was a party of – as long as he and his ministry wasn't formally involved. As an effect, the Swedish government could even before the founding of NATO agree to build air bases in eastern Scandinavia suitable for bombing missions against Leningrad. Similar adaptations, that in effect made Sweden's neutralist stance rather hollow, included integration in the US embargo policy from the Korean War and on, and an agreement signed[citation needed] with the Kennedy administration including some guarantees for US support in case of a Soviet attack.

In 1961, his proposal, "The Undén plan", that states without nuclear weapons should declare that they refused to produce such weapons and to refuse to receive and store such weapons. Undéns proposal was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly as a UN resolution with 58 votes in favour (Scandinavia, Warsaw pact, third world countries), 10 votes against (NATO members) and 23 votes of abstention (Latin America, former French colonies in Africa).

Political offices
Preceded by
Eliel Löfgren
Minister for Justice
1920-1920
Succeeded by
Assar Åkerman
Preceded by
Erik Marks von Würtemberg
Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs
1924–1926
Succeeded by
Eliel Löfgren
Preceded by
Christian Günther
Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs
1945–1962
Succeeded by
Torsten Nilsson
Preceded by
Per Albin Hansson
Acting Prime Minister of Sweden
1946-1946
Succeeded by
Tage Erlander