1998 World Youth Games
|1998 World Youth Games|
|Nations participating||140 (estimated)|
|Athletes participating||7,500 (estimated)|
|Opening ceremony||July 11, 1998|
|Closing ceremony||July 19, 1998|
|Main venue||Luzhniki Stadium|
The 1998 World Youth Games was the first international multi-sport event of its kind. More than 7,500 young athletes representing 140 countries  of the world participated in this event. It took place in Moscow, Russia from July 11 to 19, 1998.
The opening ceremony was held in the Luzhniki Stadium (Стадион "Лужники"). It included 32 International Olympic Committee (IOC) members, 43 National Olympic Committee (NOC) presidents, Boris Yeltsin – then current President of the Russian Federation, Yuri Luzhkov – mayor of Moscow, and the presence of 80,000 spectators. One of the most emotional moments of the ceremony was the arrival of the Olympic flame, after traveling through 13 regions of the Russian Federation. Another spectacular moment was when 2 Russian cosmonauts greeted all the spectators directly from the Orbital Station Mir. The mayor of Moscow and the IOC President addressed the spectators, and Boris Yeltsin declared the World Youth Games opened.
Participants and sports
More than 7,500 young athletes under 17 years of age  representing 140 countries competed in a variety of sports that included basketball, soccer, volleyball, handball, tennis and table tennis, track and field athletics, swimming, synchronized swimming, gymnastics and modern rhythmic gymnastics, fencing, judo and Greco-Roman wrestling.
- Athletics ( )
The main objectives of the first World Youth Games were to involve the young participants in the Olympic movement and promote the Olympic spirit of friendship and mutual understanding among peoples, preparing their psychological and aptitude conditions for international starts and also selecting young talents for the participation in future Olympic Games. Beginning from 2010, the Youth Olympic Games will be held every four years in staggered summer and winter events complementing the Olympic Games. Singapore will host the 2010 Games.
The motto of the World Youth Games was “the open world for childhood” and its mascot was again the Mishka (Мишка)  – the Russian Bear that was also the mascot of the XXII Summer Olympic Games in Moscow 1980.
On November 27, 1995 a small government delegation from Moscow visited the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee in Lausanne, Switzerland in order to rally support for the organization of a major international youth competition under IOC patronage in the Russian capital. Moscow’s delegation argued that the city had a strong experience of staging sport events. The IOC granted its patronage to the “World Youth Games” and an agreement was signed in April 1997 between the IOC, the city of Moscow and the Russian Olympic Committee, setting out the event.
- People's Republic of China
- Costa Rica
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea
- Great Britain
- Korea Republic
- South Africa
- United States of America
After the agreement was signed, Moscow started its infrastructure preparations. It undertook 2 major projects. The first was the renovation of the Luzhniki Sports Arena, which was completed in September, 1997 at Moscow’s 850th anniversary. The stadium was built in 1955, and in 1980 it became the heart of the XXII Summer Olympic Games. The other major project was the construction of the Olympic village. This contraction was placed under the control of the city administration and it was based on the plan of the 1980 Olympic Village. The Village constituted of five 19-to-25 story buildings, a complex-sport gymnasium, a cycling track and a massive cafeteria. In addition, its landscape included artificial hills and a lake. Later, this complex-building became one of the most prestigious residential areas in the city.
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