3rd Corps (Vietnam People's Army)

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Quân đoàn 3
(3rd Corps)
Active March 26, 1975–present
Country  Vietnam
Allegiance Flag of Viet Nam Peoples Army.svg Vietnam People's Army
Branch Active duty
Type Army Corps
Role Regular force
Size Corps
Part of Vietnam People's Army
Garrison/HQ Pleiku, Gia Lai
Engagements Vietnam War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
Decorations Hero of the People's Armed ForcesMilitary Exploit Order
Commanders
Current commander Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Đức Hải
First commander Maj. Gen. Vũ Lăng

3rd Corps (Vietnamese: Quân đoàn 3) or Tây Nguyên Corps (Vietnamese: Binh doan tay nguyen, literally: Corps of Tây Nguyên) is one of the four regular army corps of the Vietnam People's Army. First organized in 1975 during the Vietnam War, 3rd Corps had a major role in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign and the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. Today the corps is stationed in Pleiku, Gia Lai.

  • Commander: Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Đức Hải
  • Political Commissar: Maj. Gen. Chu Công Phu

History[edit]

In July 1973, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam after its 21st conference issued a resolution of strengthening the armed forces in order to unify the country. In executing the issue, three months later the Ministry of Defence and the Military Commission of the Central Committee approved the plan of organizing regular army corps for the Vietnam People's Army. On March 26, 1975,[1] General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Minister of Defence, signed the edict that led to the establishment of the 3rd Corps in Tây Nguyên, from which came the name Tây Nguyên Corps of the unit.[2] The first headquarters of the corps consisted of party committee secretary (bí thư) Đặng Vũ Hiệp and commander (tư lệnh) Vũ Lăng.

During the Ho Chi Minh Campaign, it was 3rd Corps that advanced through the maritime regions of Phú Yên, Khánh Hòa and later captured the Tan Son Nhat Airport. After the Vietnam War, 3rd Corps continued to engage in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, the corps was awarded the title Hero of the People's Armed Forces (Anh hùng Lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân) in 1979.[2]

Organization[edit]

The command structure of 3rd Corps consists of the High Command (Bộ tư lệnh), the Staff of 3rd Corps (Bộ tham mưu), the Political Department (Cục chính trị), the Department of Logistics (Cục hậu cần) and the Department of Technique (Cục kỹ thuật). The combat forces of the corps include the 10th Infantry Division, 31st Infantry Division, 320 Division (Vietnam), 312th Regiment of Air Defence, 273rd Tank Regiment, 675th Artillery Regiment, 198th Regiment of Special Force, 29th Regiment of Signal and 545th Regiment of Engineers.[2]

  • Division Nato.svg 10th Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 31st Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 320 Division
  • Regiment Nato.svg 312th Air Defence Regiment
  • Regiment Nato.svg 273rd Tank Regiment
  • Regiment Nato.svg 675th Artillery Regiment
  • Regiment Nato.svg 198th Special Force Regiment
  • Regiment Nato.svg 29th Signal Regiment
  • Regiment Nato.svg 545th Engineers Regiment

Commanders[edit]

Time Commander Notes
1975–1977 Maj. Gen. Vũ Lăng
1977–1979 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Kim Tuấn
1979–1984 Col. Nguyễn Quốc Thước Later promoted to Lieutenand General, Commander of the 4th Military Region.
1984–1990 Maj. Gen. Khuất Duy Tiến Later promoted to Lieutenant General, Director of the Department of Armed Forces, General Staff.
1990–1991 Maj. Gen. Trần Tất Thanh
1991–1993 Col. Lê Quang Bình
1993–1997 Maj. Gen. Đỗ Quang Mùi
1997–2002 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Hữu Hạ
2002–2005 Col. Nguyễn Xuân Hùng Later promoted to Lieutenant General, Deputy Chief of the General Staff.
2005–2007 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Trung Thu Later promoted to Lieutenant General, Commander of the 5th Military Region.
2007–2010 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Vĩnh Phú
2010–present Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Đức Hải

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Defence of Vietnam (2009). White book of Defence of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: World Publishing House. p. 111. 
  2. ^ a b c "Quân đoàn 3" (in Vietnamese). Từ điển Bách khoa toàn thư Việt Nam. 

References[edit]

  • High Command of the 3rd Corps, Vietnam People's Army (2002). History of the Army at Tây Nguyên front - Annals of the 3rd Corps (1964–2000) (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: People's Army Publishing House.