434 Hungaria is a relatively small asteroid orbiting in the inner asteroid belt. It is an E-type (high-albedo) asteroid. It is the namesake of the Hungaria asteroids, which orbit the Sun on the inside of the 1:4 Kirkwood gap, standing out of the core of the asteroid belt.
It was discovered by Max Wolf on September 11, 1898 at the University of Heidelberg. It was named after Hungary, which hosted an astronomical meeting in 1898 in Budapest.
It is thought that there may be a genetic connection between 434 Hungaria and 3103 Eger and the aubrites.
- ^ Spratt, Christopher E. (April 1990). "The Hungaria group of minor planets". Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Journal (ISSN 0035-872X) (abstract) 84 (2): 123–131. Bibcode:1990JRASC..84..123S.
- ^ a b Kelley, Michael S.; Gaffey, Michael J. (December 2002). "High-albedo asteroid 434 Hungaria: Spectrum, composition and genetic connections". Meteoritics & Planetary Science (abstract) 37 (12): 1815–1827. Bibcode:2002M&PS...37.1815K. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2002.tb01165.x.