75A-4 and KWS-1
The 74A4 and KWS-1 are an amateur radio receiver and transmitter pair made by the Collins Radio Company of Cedar Rapids, Iowa that were introduced in 1955. They were designed to operate using the then new single-sideband (SSB) voice modulation as well as CW and AM modes. They were influential in popularizing SSB. The KWS-1 transmitter along with the 75A-4 receiver, together, cost over $2500 when new (equivalent to over $20,000 in 2012 dollars). Collins products at the time were considered 'top of the line'. Ham radio enthusiasts nicknamed the pair "The Gold Dust Twins," as they were unaffordable to most amateur radio enthusiasts when first introduced.
Both radios used vacuum tubes and employed Collins innovations including mechanical filters and permeability tuned oscillators. The latter alters the resonant frequency of a circuit by moving a sintered powder core in and out of the tuning coil using a lead screw. The KWS-1 final amplifier use a pair of 4X150 power tubes and operated at a power input of one kilowatt, the maximum allowed under Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations at the time. The transmitter appearance matched the receiver, but its high voltage power supply was packaged in a separate pedestal.
In a 2006 review of the half-century-old 75A-4 Stu Cohen wrote "Performance under all but extremely crowded band conditions is still excellent, and a 75A-4 will hold its own against almost any receiver. Under less crowded band conditions, the performance is superb."
- Amateur Radio and the Rise of SSB, Gil McElroy, QST, January 2003 75A1
- KWS-1 The Care and Feeding
- Headquarter's staff, ed. (1958). The Radio Amateur's handbook (35th ed.). West Hartford, Connecticut: American Radio Relay League. pp. A27–A29.
- 75A4 Product review, QST Magazine, January 2006