Ateliers de Construction du Nord de la France was a French locomotive manufacturer, based at Crespin in the Arrondissement of Valenciennes, northern France. Later known as ANF Industrie or ANF the company was acquired by Bombardier Transportation in 1989 and is now part of Bombardier Transport France S.A.S.
Ateliers de Construction du Nord de la France was founded in 1882 as a subsidiary of Franco-Belgian company La Métallurgique.[n 2] The company was established to avoid import tariffs imposed in 1881 in France on goods imported from Belgium.
In 1913 the Trust Métallurgique Belge-Français reorganised; the factories in La Louvière, Belgium (the former Nicaise et Delcuve) were combined with other of the Trust Métallurgique Belge-Français interests in Belgian industry (including La Société la Brugeoise) to form La Société La Brugeoise et Nicaise et Delcuve, and the Ateliers du Nord de la France became an entirely French concern.
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In 1989 ANF Industrie was acquired by Bombardier Transportation. In November 2001 after the acquisition of Adtranz Bombardier indicated that the plant would be one of three main sites in Europe for bogie manufacture, and a core site for final assembly. Bombardier has made the plant one of its key production sites with over 2000 employees (2010), and claims an investment of over €500 million - the site accounts for around one third of French domestic passenger rail production.
- La Brugeoise et Nivelles, Belgian rolling stock manufacturer, now part of Bombardier Transportation
- Société Franco-Belge, rolling stock manufacture, now part of Alstom with factory located at Raismes, Valenciennes, France
- Odette Hardy-Hémery (1985). Industries, patronat et ouvriers du Valenciennois pendant le premier XXème siècle: développements et restructurations capitalistes a l'âge du charbon et de l'acier (in French) 1. Atelier national de reproduction des thèses, Université Lille III. p. 226.
- La Métallurgique was founded in 1880, it was succeeded by Trust Métallurgique Belge-Français in 1899/1900.[n 1]
- Piers Connor. "DISTRICT ELECTRIC TRAINS 3 – FROM A TO B". lurs.org.uk. London Underground Railway Society (LURS). p. 11.
- Paloma Fernández Pérez (2007). Del metal al motor: innovación y atraso en la historia de la industria metal-mecánica española (in Spanish). Fundacion BBVA. p. 292.
- Marie-Thérèse Bitsch (1994). La Belgique entre la France et l'Allemagne, 1905-1914 (in French). Publications de la Sorbonne. pp. 232–3.
- René Fruit (1963), La croissance économique du pays de Saint-Amand (Nord) 1668-1914 (in French), A. Colin, footnote 161, p.230
- A forerunner of the Belgian rail vehicle manufacturing company La Brugeoise et Nivelles
- "Bombardier Transportation - A Global Transportation Leader". Japan Railway & Transport Review (42). December 2005.
- "Bombardier Sets Course for the Future With New European Passenger-Vehicle Manufacturing Network Strategy", www.thefreelibrary.com (Business Wire), 13 November 2001
- Bombardier Transport en France (in French), Bombardier Transportation, pp. 4–6, retrieved 10 January 2012
- Le site de Crespin : la réussite d’un intégrateur ferroviaire (in French), Bombardier Transportation, June 2008, archived from the original on 19 September 2008
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