La Louvière

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For the Bordeaux wine producer, see Château La Louvière.
La Louvière, Hainaut
Municipality of Belgium
Coat of arms of La Louvière, Hainaut
Coat of arms
La Louvière, Hainaut is located in Belgium
La Louvière, Hainaut
La Louvière, Hainaut
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°28′N 04°11′E / 50.467°N 4.183°E / 50.467; 4.183Coordinates: 50°28′N 04°11′E / 50.467°N 4.183°E / 50.467; 4.183
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Hainaut
Arrondissement Soignies
Government
 • Mayor Jacques Gobert (PS)
 • Governing party/ies PS, MR, UDSC http://www.e-monsite.com/udsc/
Area
 • Total 64.24 km2 (24.80 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 78,774
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Postal codes 7100, 7110
Area codes 064
Website www.lalouviere.be

La Louvière (French pronunciation: ​[la lu.vjɛʁ], Walloon: El Lovire) is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. La Louvière's municipality includes the old communes of Haine-Saint-Paul, Haine-Saint-Pierre, Saint-Vaast, Trivières, Boussoit, Houdeng-Aimeries, Houdeng-Gœgnies, Maurage, and Strépy-Bracquegnies. La Louvière is the capital of the Centre region, a former coal mining area in the sillon industriel, between the Borinage to the West and the Pays Noir to the East.

History[edit]

Mythical origins[edit]

The legend of a mother wolf nursing a child at La Louvière is reminiscent of the mythical birth of Rome. The true origin of the city, however, dates from the 12th century. At that time, the forested, and presumably wolf-infested, territory of today’s La Louvière was named Menaulu, from the Old French meaning “wolf’s lair”. This land was part of the larger community of Saint-Vaast, which itself belonged to the Aulne Abbey.

The village of Houdeng-Aimeries

By 1284, the name of the territory had been translated into Latin, then back into French to its current name of La Louvière. The lords of Saint-Vaast encouraged prospecting on their land, which led to the first extraction of coal in the year 1390. The abbey’s refusal to provide necessary infrastructure, however, delayed large-scale development until the 18th century.

Birth of La Louvière[edit]

In the 19th century, the construction of roads, canals, and railways finally allowed the local coal production to be exported. Investments also poured into the local industry to take advantage of the abundant source of energy. La Louvière quickly surpassed its overlord Saint-Vaast, both in population and economic wealth. Within fifty years, the territory that was not much more than a place name had become one of the most important cities in Wallonia. La Louvière was recognized as an independent city in 1869. Today, La Louvière is still the fifth largest city in Wallonia, after Charleroi, Liège, Namur, and Mons.

Sights[edit]

Boat lift on the old Canal du Centre
Workers' housing at Bois-du-Luc (1838-1853).

Folklore[edit]

The Carnival of La Louvière is called Laetare, after the Latin verb meaning “to enjoy” (the introit at mass on the fourth Sunday of Lent begins Laetare Jerusalem, Rejoice Jerusalem). It lasts three days, Sunday to Tuesday, and takes place in the middle of Lent. The Gilles are out on all three days, stomping to the rhythm of their music and distributing oranges to the passers-by. Giant puppets and various other groups also take part in the parades and festivities. Typical of La Louvière’s celebrations is the so-called Brûlage des Bosses (“burning of the humps”), where a puppet dressed as a Gilles is burnt to symbolize the end of carnival and beginning of a new life.

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

Sports[edit]

La Louvière used to have a football club in Belgian First Division named RAA Louviéroise. They won the Belgian Cup in 2003. the club no longer exists. It is now Union royale La Louviere Centre in Belgian third division.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ "Kalisz Official Website - Twin Towns". Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) © 2005-2008 Urząd Miejski Kalisz. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 

External links[edit]