Abu Hafs Umar al-Murtada

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al-Murtada
Caliph
Reign 1248-1266
Died 1266
Predecessor Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid
Successor Idris al-Wathiq
Dynasty Almohad
Religious beliefs Islam

Abu Hafs Umar al-Murtada (Arabic: أبو حفص المرتضى عمر بن أبي إبراهيم اسحاق بن يوسف بن عبد المؤمن‎; died 1266) was an Almohad caliph who reigned over part of Morocco from 1248 until his death.

Castillian ambassadors attempting to convince al-Murtada to join their alliance. Contemporary depiction from Cantigas de Santa Maria.

During his time as caliph, the area of Morocco under Almohad control was reduced to the region around and including Marrakech. He was forced to pay tribute to the Marinids. He was ousted by his cousin Abu al-Ula al-Wathiq Idris with the help of Marinid ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Abd Al-Haqq, with Idriss II then proclaiming himself as caliph.

A letter from Abu Hafs Umar al-Murtada to Pope Innocent IV.

Sources[edit]

  • Julien, Charles-André. Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, Payot, Paris, 1994.
Preceded by
Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid
Almohad dynasty
1248-1266
Succeeded by
Idris II