Abu Thabit Amir

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Abu Thabit Amir
Sultan of Morocco
Flag of Morocco 1258 1659.svg
Reign 1307 – 1308
Full name Abū Thābit ʿAmīr al-Marīni
Titles Amîr al-Muslîmîn
Born 1283
Died 1308
Dynasty Banū Marīn

Abu Thabit Amir (أبو ثابت عامر abū θābit ʿāmir) (1283 – 28 July 1308) was a Marinid ruler of Morocco for around a year. Son or grandson of Abu Yaqub Yusuf, whom he succeeded in 1307.

History[edit]

The Marinid sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf was in the Kingdom of Tlemcen laying siege to the Abdalwadid capital when he was assassinated. During this long siege, which had been in place since 1299, the Marinid sultan was unable to prevent a Nasrid-sponsored pretender Othman ibn Idris from landing in Ceuta in 1306 and seizing much of northern Morocco. The new Marinid sultan Abu Thabit, whose ascendancy was contested by four pretenders, had to choose between pressing the siege or recovering his dominions. He opted for the latter.

Acting quickly, Abu Thabit dispatched three of the pretenders, then struck a deal with the Abdalwadid ruler Abu Zayyan to allow an orderly lifting of the siege of Tlemcen. Abu Thabit rushed his troops back to Morocco to take on the fourth pretender, Othman ibn Idris, leaving little or no garrisons to hold the Marinid positions in his wake. The Abdalwadids set about razing the Marinid siege camp at Tlemcen (by now, evolved into a veritable city, known as 'al-Mahalla al-Mansura') and proceeded down the coast to Oujda, rolling back the hard-won Marinid gains of the last few years.

To coordinate his operations against Othman ibn Idris, Abu Thabit erected a new town, Tetouan, just south of Ceuta.

In July 1308, Abu Thabit fell ill and died in Tetouan. He was succeeded by his brother, Abu al-Rabi Sulayman as Marinid sultan of Morocco.

Preceded by
Abu Yaqub Yusuf
Marinid Dynasty
1307–1308
Succeeded by
Abu al-Rabi Sulayman

Sources[edit]