Abu Thabit Amir
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|Abu Thabit Amir|
|Sultan of Morocco
|Reign||1307 – 1308|
The Marinid sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf was in the Kingdom of Tlemcen laying siege to the Abdalwadid capital when he was assassinated. During this long siege, which had been in place since 1299, the Marinid sultan was unable to prevent a Nasrid-sponsored pretender Othman ibn Idris from landing in Ceuta in 1306 and seizing much of northern Morocco. The new Marinid sultan Abu Thabit, whose ascendancy was contested by four pretenders, had to choose between pressing the siege or recovering his dominions. He opted for the latter.
Acting quickly, Abu Thabit dispatched three of the pretenders, then struck a deal with the Abdalwadid ruler Abu Zayyan to allow an orderly lifting of the siege of Tlemcen. Abu Thabit rushed his troops back to Morocco to take on the fourth pretender, Othman ibn Idris, leaving little or no garrisons to hold the Marinid positions in his wake. The Abdalwadids set about razing the Marinid siege camp at Tlemcen (by now, evolved into a veritable city, known as 'al-Mahalla al-Mansura') and proceeded down the coast to Oujda, rolling back the hard-won Marinid gains of the last few years.
Abu Yaqub Yusuf
Abu al-Rabi Sulayman
- C.A. Julien, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, Payot (1961, reedit. orig. 1931)
- C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Edinburgh University Press (2004), pp. 41–42 ISBN 9780748621378