Ada Nield Chew
Ada Nield Chew (28 January 1870 - 27 December 1945) was a British suffragist.
Ada Nield was born on a farm near Butt Lane in North Staffordshire on 28 January 1870, daughter of Willam and Jane (née Hammond) Nield. She left school at the age of eleven to help her mother take care of house and family. When she was in her twenties she worked as a tailor in a factory in Crewe, Cheshire, but was dismissed after writing a series of letters to The Crewe Chronicle which criticised working conditions in the factory. Following this she became active in the Independent Labour Party and in 1896, she toured the north-east of England in the Clarion Van to publicise the ILP's policies. Shortly afterwards, in 1897 she married George Chew another ILP organiser. Their daughter, Doris, (and only child) was born in the following year. Chew then became an organiser for the Women's Trade Union League.
In the years leading up to the First World War, Chew became an active supporter of the movement for women's suffrage. According to her daughter, Chew as a working class woman, sometimes felt patronised by the middle class leadership of the movement. This was reflected in a lively correspondence with Christabel Pankhurst in the pages of The Clarion during 1904. Chew became a member of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies and worked for this body as an organiser from 1911 to 1914. The main focus of her work was in winning support for the cause through contacts in the labour movement.
During the First World War Chew adopted a pacifist stance and was active in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and other anti-war organisations.
After the end of the war Chew withdrew from any major involvement in politics, preferring instead to concentrate on building up the mail-order drapery business which she founded. She retired from the business in 1930 and undertook a round-the-world tour in 1935. Her husband died in 1940, and Chew herself died on 27 December 1945 at, Burnley, Lancashire. She is buried in Rochdale. She was survived by her daughter, Doris, who later edited a selection of her writings together with a brief biography.
- History of feminism
- List of suffragists and suffragettes
- National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies
- Women's suffrage in the United Kingdom
An oral history interview between Brian Harrison and Doris Nield Chew, about her mother, Ada, is held at The Women's Library at the Library of the London School of Economics, ref 8SUF/B/037. It is one of over 200 interviews made in the 1970s as part of 'Oral Evidence on the Suffragette and Suffragist Movements: the Brian Harrison interviews'.
- Chew, D, (Ed). Ada Nield Chew: The Life and Writings of a Working Woman. London, Virago Press, 1982. ISBN 0-86068-294-3
- David Doughan, ‘Chew, Ada Nield (1870–1945)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Liddington, J. “Rediscovering Suffrage History”, History Workshop Journal, 4 (1977), pp. 192-201.