Aksaray Malaklısı looks similar to the English Mastiff and Kangal dog, despite some major appearance differences. The Kangal has thinner legs and body and the Aksaray has dropped lips. It has longer legs than an English Mastiff and an athletic body shape.
There is no evidence about the origin of Malaklı dogs. It was once thought to be a mix of the English Mastiff and Kangal, or the English Mastiff and Anatolian Shepherd; but the American Mastiff is the result of the latter cross-breeding and presents a different appearance. Another possibility is that most shepherd dogs in the Caucasian-Anatolian area evolved from the same Mastiff-like dog that is the ancestor of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Alabai, Kangal, Akbash, Anatolian Shepherd and English Mastiff.
In the past, Aksaray Malaklısı dogs were generally classified as Kangal dogs, and sold both within Turkey and abroad with the Kangal's breed name.