|Official name: Concelho de Albergaria-a-Velha|
|- elevation||124 m (407 ft)|
|Area||158.82 km2 (61 sq mi)|
|Density||165 / km2 (427 / sq mi)|
|- Municipality||c. 1835|
|- location||Praça Ferreira Tavares|
|President||João Agostinho Pinto Pereira (PPD-PSD)|
|Municipal Chair||Rogério São Bento Camões (PPD-PSD)|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 292 XXX-XXXX|
|Patron Saint||Santa Cruz|
|Municipal Holidays||Monday following the 3rd Sunday of August|
Location of the municipality of Albergaria-a-Velha in the district of Aveiro
|Wikimedia Commons: Albergaria-a-Velha|
|Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)|
Albergaria-a-Velha (Portuguese pronunciation: [aɫβɨɾɣɐˈɾi.a ˈvɛʎɐ] ( )) is a town and a municipality in the Aveiro District in Portugal with a total area of 158.82 km² and a total population of 25230 inhabitants, and 19687 electors (2006).
In 1117, D. Teresa, Countess of Portucale, and mother of Afonso Henriques the first king of Portugal, donated to the nobleman Gonçalo Eriz the lands that constitute Albergaria-a-Velha. As part of the donation the nobleman was obligated to maintain open a hospice for poor travels. The document referred to this shelter for the travelling poor, or albergaria, and thus the area was known as Albergaria.
Later, the Carta do Couto de Osselôa was discovered that definitely identified both the first document to refer to Portugal as a Kingdom and at the same figured in the identification of Albergaria-a-Velha as an administrative unit of the country. The Bishop of Coimbra, D. Egas, in 1258, ordered this document to be transcribed in order to conserve it. Also, because it was the older Albergaria, owing to the existence of Albergaria-a-Nova, the community began to be referred to as Albergaria-a-Velha (meaning Portuguese for older).
The first references to Albergaria as town, developed in the 16th Century, with the erection of an obelisk in the municipal square, around the location of the first hospital. It was ordered erected at the hospital by the Lisbon government on 27 May 1629.
The municipality was created in 1834, when the older municipality of Aveiro was dismembered, and the new administrative divisions Loure, Albergaria-a-Velha and Vale Maior reconstituted. Just after this reconstitution, the parish of Alquerubim (Paus) was annexed to Albergaria-a-Velha, and later the parishes of Branca, Ribeira de Fráguas ( both around 1855), Angeja and Frossos (in 1854) were incorporated.
- Albergaria-a-Velha e Valmaior
- Ribeira de Fráguas
- São João de Louree Frossos
The fertile lands of Albergaria-a-Velha have been historically a center of agriculture and cattle-raising, so much so, that it has been erroneously considered an agricultural community. In fact, the secondary sector represents 56.2% of the activity within the municipality, while the primary sector occupies 13.6% of the economic activity. This secondary sector includes basic industrial businesses involved in metallurgy, industrial textiles and lumber industries. These companies are primarily small- to medium-size enterprises with less than 20 employees.
Most of the transformative sectors are concentrated in the parishes of Albergaria-a-Velha and Branca, representing about 90% of the secondary sector. The urbanized are of the parish of Albergaria-a-Velha is the primary beneficiary of these industries; its geo-strategic position in the center of the municipality and industrial zone provides the region with incubator affects. Activities such as metallurgy and fabrication, equipment production, transformation of lumber goods, paper production, the fabrication and restoration of furniture, as well as the production of ceramics, provide Albergaria-a-Velha with a diversified economic base.
- Alexandre Herculano (1855); The historical tradition suggests that Queen Teresa, passing through Assilhó, stayed at the home Gonçalo Eriz and his wife Andreza Pires, where she had a child, and for this motive instituted a hospital, securing vast territories for the benefit of illustrious visitors. Notwithstanding D. Teresa had a romantic relationship with Fernando Peres de Trava, and had a son after the death of the Count Henrique, it is known that she did remain. In 1117 she also traveled to Coimbra where she further remained at Albergaria, and in June after being encircled by forces of the Emir of Morocco, and during her return remained in Assilhó for a while, and later to the north, relaxing in lands around Feira
- Camara Municipal de Albergaria-a-Velha (1966)
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 6" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Herculano, Alexandre (1855). História de Portugal [History of Portugal] 1 (1 ed.). Lisbon, Portugal: Bertrand & Sons.
- Camara Municipal de Albergaria-a-Velha, ed. (December 1966). "Origem de Albergaria-a-Velha: A Carta do Couto de Osseloa" (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Aveiro, Portugal: Publicação Semestral da Junta Distrital de Aveiro. p. 73.
- Correia, Dr. Flausino Fernandes (December 1966). Camara Municipal de Albergaria-a-Velha, ed. "Albergaria-a-Velha e o seu Concelho: Albergaria dos pobres e passageiros da Rainha D. Teresa" (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Aveiro, Portugal: Publicação Semestral da Junta Distrital de Aveiro. p. 29.